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Newsletter January 2017

Helping to Make an Impact

In this issue:

  • What's Coming Up? - Details of Upcoming TGM Events
  • The Isaac Newton Institute – Open for Business Events
  • Recent Events - Details of Recent Events and Activity
  • News –  Review of Knowledge Exchange in UK Mathematical Sciences & the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences – 25th Anniversary
  • Working with the TGM and Keeping in Touch - Get Involved with the TGM

What's Coming Up?

Algorithmic Trading: Perspectives from Mathematical Modelling
Wednesday 1st March 2017 – Alan Turing Institute, London

The impact of algorithmic trading on market dynamics is yet to be fully understood: how do markets in which computers trade against other computers differ from markets with human traders? What are the implications for price behaviour, market regulation and financial stability? These questions have raised concerns for regulators, market participants and risk managers. Mathematical modelling, which has played a vital role in financial risk management and in the development of algorithmic trading, has a lot to contribute to this debate.

Talks at this event will highlight some of the latest advances in quantitative modelling and empirical studies on the impact of High Frequency Trading (HFT) and algorithmic trading on markets, with an emphasis on emerging phenomena and implications for risk management and policy. The Programme includes talks from the Financial Conduct Authority, the Federal Reserve, Bank of England, BlackRock and leading academics – Albert Menkveld (VU University of Amsterdam), Rama Cont (Imperial College London) and Matthew Baron (Cornell University).
For more information and to register, please visit the event webpage.

Mathematics in the Spirit of Joe Keller
Thursday 2nd March 2017 - Friday 3rd March 2017 – Isaac Newton Institute

The aim of this informal meeting is to bring together friends, colleagues and associates of Joseph ‘Joe’ Keller, and all other interested researchers, to honour his memory and to acknowledge his legacy and the support he offered all applied mathematicians stretching over many decades. Joe Keller was one of the most influential applied mathematicians residing in the West over the second half of the 20th Century. He published over 400 articles since his first appeared in 1947 – his originality, creativity, mathematical dexterity and physical insight shine through in all of these works. More information about the event is available on the webpage.

Environmental Modelling in Industry Study Group
Monday 3rd April 2017 - Thursday 6th April 2017 – Isaac Newton Institute
In partnership with Maths Foresees, an EPSRC network funded under the Living With Environmental Change (LWEC) umbrella, the TGM is hosting the second Environmental Modelling in Industry study group. The event follows a successful first study group held in September 2015 where potential solutions to five industry challenges were explored. Maths Foresees aims to forge strong ties between researchers in the applied mathematics and environmental science communities and end-users of environmental research. Through a series of activities the network helps to facilitate active knowledge exchange between these groups and to rethink the approach to the prediction, analysis and mitigation of extreme environmental events.
Over the course of four days, delegates will explore one or more challenges posed by companies operating in the environmental sector. This intensive period of collaboration between mathematicians and environmental scientists will provide a fantastic opportunity to develop solutions to problems arising in industry. To read more about the event and the challenges that will be discussed, please see the event webpage.

EPSRC Centre for Mathematical Imaging in Healthcare - Academic Engagement Conference,19th April 2017, Isaac Newton Institute

The EPSRC Centre for Mathematical Imaging in Healthcare (CMIH) will hold its annual Academic Engagement Conference that will provide an update on its current research projects and collaborations.  The remit of the Centre is to explore how mathematics and statistics can help clinicians to tackle serious health challenges such as cancer, heart disease and antibiotic resistant bacteria. Specifically, researchers will develop new tools from predictive mathematical models to enable earlier diagnosis of chronic diseases such as epilepsy, and new systems to make clinical imaging more accurate and efficient.

The event will include a number of academic talks as well as a session for short “elevator pitches” from next generation researchers, with opportunities for discussion as well as a poster exhibition to highlight key areas of research. The event will be of interest to participants from the biomedical imaging industry, mathematics, engineering, computer science and physics, as well as biology and medicine. The Programme is currently being developed and will soon be available.

CMIH published its first newsletter in Dec 2016, which summarised activity since the Centre was launched as well as future events that it will be involved in.

Other Upcoming TGM Events:
• Cantab Capital Institute for the Mathematics of Information Academic Engagement Conference (25th May 2017, Cambridge)
• Data Sharing and Governance (27th June 2017, London)

• Big Proof – Practical Challenges and Opportunities (19th July 2017, London)
2nd Edwards Symposium. Challenges and Opportunities in Soft Matter
(6th – 8th September 2017, Cambridge)
Institute of Mathematics and its Applications - Conference on Inverse Problems
(19th – 21st September 2017, Cambridge)
• EPSRC Centre for Mathematical Imaging in Healthcare Industry/User Engagement Conference (18th October 2017, Cambridge)
• Cantab Capital Institute for the Mathematics of Information User Engagement Conference (22nd November 2017, Cambridge)

Information about these events is available on the TGM website. The Programmes for some of these events are currently being developed, and if you would like to know more about a particular event, please contact Lissie Hope.
Read More About TGM Events

The Isaac Newton Institute - Open for Business Events

The Isaac Newton Institute's Open for Business (OfB) events are organised by the TGM and are specifically designed to bring together industrial, commercial and government organisations with mathematical scientists. They form part of the Institute's mission to foster greater links between academic research and the business world by bringing together those in the mathematical sciences with commercial and government organisations to enable formal and informal discussion and networking. They are organised in conjunction with Research Programme academic organisers and take place within a relevant INI Programme Workshop or as a standalone event.
In 2016, the TGM delivered 5 OfB events and the 4 most recent events are highlighted here.

Theoretical Foundations for Statistical Network Analysis
Tuesday 1st November 2016

Statistical network analysis presents numerous challenges for networks across many application areas including social, financial and healthcare. Policy decisions and much scientific research hinge on accurate and comprehensive evidence and data. Those making these decisions need access to statistical modelling approaches, through new approaches that can accommodate randomness and dependencies observed in network analysis. Analysing large data sets has become more and more important, but tackling the complexity of data sets has often been challenging, as has how to visualise and analyse networks meaningfully.
This workshop explored some of these challenges and highlighted recent developments in the field and applications within industry as well as the public sector.
The opportunity to hear about these was highlighted as being useful, as was the mix of practical and theoretical aspects of networks. The diversity of attendees was valued as this provided the opportunity for networking and making new connections.

Probability and Statistics in Forensic Science - Dissemination Workshop
Thursday 1st December 2016

This workshop was part of the INI Research Programme on Probability and Statistics in Forensic Science. It followed an earlier consultation event held in London, that involved discussion with members of the legal community and senior academics, to better understand the difficulties and concerns that the profession faces. The legal community faces a number of challenges around the use of probability and statistics in forensic science. For instance, while there have been dramatic advances in the range and scale of forensic techniques used to help solve legal cases, the way that the probative value of forensic evidence is presented in Courts is rudimentary and often flawed. In particular, where probative value is presented in probabilistic and statistical terms, there have been numerous instances of misunderstanding leading to miscarriages of justice.
The event, which was supported by the Criminal Bar Association, brought together experts and stakeholders from the legal profession, including Judges, Barristers, the public sector and those in the forensic industry, 
to highlight the key outputs from the six month research programme, including the development of an agreed set of guidelines to be used when presenting evidence in Court. It included talks by academics, the Metropolitan Police and closed with a talk by Lord Justice Kitchin. It presented opportunities for practitioners to discuss barriers and key challenges with leading researchers in the field and highlighted projects to develop communication and education, as well as a review of mathematical issues in past criminal and civil cases.

New Approaches to Anonymisation, Monday 5th December 2016
Data confidentiality and privacy are increasingly challenging topics in the new data environment in which there are growing numbers of large databases describing people, their characteristics and their behaviours. These types of databases are being routinely used for analysis and for day-to-day operations of organisations in every sector. Indeed, public policy decisions and much scientific research hinge on accurate and comprehensive data about people. Similarly there is an increasing reliance by commercial organisations, basing their success on data describing how people behave.
This Open for Business event was held as part of the Data Linkage and Anonymisation Programme and it was delivered with support from GCHQ as well as in partnership with UKAN (UK Anonymisation Network). It highlighted new approaches to anonymisation and brought together leading experts as well as data users and ‘data holders’ with the aim of disseminating state-of-the-art techniques and approaches. Talks were explicitly targeted at a broad audience of users who deal with personal data and are looking for ways to share this data.

Engaging People in Data Privacy, Tuesday 6th December 2016

This second workshop on data (supported by GCHQ and in partnership with UKAN) explored new ways in which data subjects can take an active part in how their data is shared. It highlighted new approaches to informing and engaging the public to be functional ‘digital citizens’. People generally recognise that there are many social benefits to be derived from big data analytics, in scientific and medical research, evidence based policy and decision making and improved consumer products and services. The technological transformation of the last two decades has seen an explosion in the myriad of ways in which data can be generated and used by Governments, companies, and individuals. But at the same time, there is a lack of understanding by the general public as to the implications of having their data shared.
Presentations and discussion explored how people think about privacy and how this interacts with the use of personal data. These investigated the mechanisms which need to be implemented to improve privacy of data and how the Big Data community can potentially help to address such issues.

Read About Open for Business Events

Recent Events


New Directions in the Mathematics of Information
Thursday 10th November 2016 - Centre for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge

The TGM is working as a delivery partner for the Cantab Capital Institute for the Mathematics of Information (CCIMI) which was launched in May 2016. This event provided a detailed update on current research taking place at the Institute, as well as exploring the associated challenges and other potential collaborative opportunities.
The Institute accommodates research activity on fundamental mathematical problems and methodology for understanding, analysing, processing and simulating data. The advance of data science and the solution of big data questions rely heavily on fundamental mathematical techniques and in particular, their intra-disciplinary engagement. This is at the heart of the Institute, involving mathematical expertise ranging from statistics, applied and computational analysis, to topology and discrete geometry - all with the common goal of advancing data science questions.

CCIMI has recently published its first newsletter which includes information about its latest events and details of the projects and research that is being carried out.

Statistical Scalability for Streaming Data - Programme Launch
Tuesday 15th November 2016 - Royal Statistical Society, London

The TGM delivered this afternoon event, which introduced the StatScale Programme, a new collaboration between researchers at Lancaster University and the University of Cambridge, working with a group of committed industrial partners. The EPSRC
(Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) funded Programme will tackle the important inference challenges arising from streaming data. The central goal will be to deliver the next generation of statistical solutions required to harness insight from streaming data, with the aim to establish the UK as an internationally leading centre of excellence in this important area.
This launch event provided information on how both companies and early career researchers can engage with the activities of
the Programme, as well as discussing the future opportunities for partnering and collaborating. The talks explored projects being undertaken under the Programme's main research challenge areas and their connection to some motivating applications. More information is available on the webpage.

Read About More TGM Events


Independent Review of Knowledge Exchange in UK Mathematical Sciences

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Knowledge Transfer Network (KTN) are supporting an independent review of knowledge exchange in UK mathematical sciences. This has the aim to establish a roadmap for knowledge exchange in the area to inform the community of practitioners and users, funders and Government.
The need for the UK mathematical sciences research community to engage more widely and deeply with end users (industry, Government and other academic disciplines) is paramount.  Mathematics can be transformative and it is therefore essential to make it more accessible. The REF (Research Excellence Framework) demonstrates, via a variety of case studies, the importance of mathematical sciences, as does a report previously commissioned from Deloitte, which showed the impact of the mathematical sciences to the UK economy by indicating the gross value added by mathematics. However, the landscape is becoming more confused with many agents, departments, and bodies having overlapping remits, albeit with small budgets compared to many other STEM areas. The UK is often thought to lead the world in mathematics knowledge exchange, but at present these particular activities don't receive any persistent long-term support.
There is the potential for a lack of focus on fundamental mathematical research compared with 'The Eight Great Technologies’ (Big Data, satellites, robotics, synthetic biology, regenerative medicine, agri-science, advanced materials & energy and its storage). However, mathematics is a key component of all these areas and indeed underpins them. Additionally, compared with other STEM disciplines, mathematics impacts are often less tangible than in other areas where products or technologies are 'spun out’.
This review, that is chaired by Professor Philip Bond of the Council for Science and Technology, will explore these issues in detail, and suggest practical, implementable solutions to make the most of the UK’s excellent mathematical scientists.
The TGM and INI are fully engaged in the process as members of the review board and committee. Over the course of 2017,  the review will collect evidence from stakeholders;
seek examples of best practice for mathematical sciences knowledge exchange; review models for support; and disseminate findings widely and summarise these findings in a public report.

As the review progresses, details will be published on the KTN website and also the Industrial Maths at KTN LinkedIn Group.
Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences – 25th Anniversary

The INI, the UK's national research institute for mathematics, was opened in 1992, so this year will celebrate its 25th Anniversary. From its inception, it was intended that the INI should be devoted to the mathematical sciences in the broadest sense. In this respect it differs significantly from similar institutes in other countries. A key criterion in the selection of scientific programmes is the extent to which they are interdisciplinary, bringing together research workers with very different backgrounds and expertise. A number of different celebratory events are planned – some will be at the Institute in Cambridge and others will be at different locations. Plans are currently being developed and if you would like to know more, please contact us.

Read More News
Working with the TGM and Keeping in Touch

Mathematics underpins so many disciplines and technologies, but the TGM recognises that accessing specialist mathematical knowledge can be difficult – particularly for those outside academia. Because of the technical nature of the subject matter and also its sheer diversity, this can present a number of challenges. To help address this, the TGM delivers activity across a number of thematic programmes in mathematical knowledge exchange, through workshops, consultations, research programmes and project meetings.

The TGM is keen to explore relationships with other relevant organisations, to collaborate on identified problems and challenges. If you would like to talk about delivering joint activity or bespoke pieces of work, then please see the website or email Jane Leeks.

Our mailing address is:
Turing Gateway to Mathematics
Isaac Newton Institute
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+44 (0)1223 765733

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