Friday 17 April 2020, No 8, Week 16
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Director's note

Unique experiment

It is estimated that CO2 emissions will go down 5-10% this year. This is the largest reduction in human history, and close to what is needed each year if the Paris goals are to be met. Despite this reduction, we may actually see increased warming this year, since less aerosol cooling may dwarf the effects of slightly less CO2 in the atmosphere, also if the effects of less contrails from airplanes are included. The societal experiment we are all part of will likely provide unique data for narrowing the uncertainties in the various forcing mechanisms.   
There are many similarities between corona and climate; they are both global threats, we need political will and heavy investments to flatten and bend downward sharply rising curves, and amplifying feedbacks mean that delayed responses are much more costly and risky than early preventive interventions. The one big difference is that the corona time scales are weeks instead of decades. This drives politicians to take extreme measures in the first case, and unfortunately to postpone needed actions in the latter.
I am sure that other than me are bored of working from home and miss the office and the informal chat with colleagues. Although our society is gradually opening up, with kindergartens starting Monday and primary schools the week after, it is still not clear when we can expect to be physically back at work. We have to make the best out of the situation, and I do hope that you are able to do some science in between many other duties.
If you feel that you have spare time, or are anxious to “see” colleagues, I will encourage you to sign up for a BCCR seminar (contact Marvin) or to take part in one of our many public outreach project (contact Gudrun). Today, Erik Kolstad presented the seasonal forecast for the upcoming summer in our “ask a scientist” web cast series, and it seems that we can anticipate a more or less normal summer. The shorter-term forecast found on is more positive, with sunshine and spring temperatures for the entire week. Remember to charge your batteries with D-vitamins, and welcome back Monday. 
Take care of yourself and others,


BCCR online sessions continue

In these extraordinary times the web is flooding with digital set ups for meetings and talks. To meet the audience out there, we started up live sessions on Youtube.
Tore had the pleasure of going first, he answered questions on the climate in fifty years, on ice ages, on climate impact on nature, and how the covid 19 situation impact the global climate. See the session here  (In Norwegian). Helge Drange was next, talking about about global and local sea level and climate.  See the session here 

and today, Erik Kolstad will be "on air" at 13:00, see the seminar here


News from the World Climate Research Programme

WCRP Workshop on Flagship Questions for the Future
Over 30 experts from across the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the wider science community gathered in Hamburg last week to discuss the scientific direction of the Programme. The aim of the WCRP High-level Science Questions and Flagship Workshop was to refine the overarching research objectives of WCRP and to think about the activities and/or experiments required to reach them. Discussions at the workshop tried to think outside the box and included a number of innovative ideas that may change both how we work as a community and the ways in which our science is communicated. “The outcomes of the workshop will have far-reaching influences on climate research in the next ten years,” says WCRP Joint Scientific Committee Chair and CEN Director Detlef Stammer.
The outcomes of the workshop are currently being consolidated and a report will be available in the next couple of weeks. They will feed into a second 'Elements and Structure' workshop that will take place in Washington DC at the end of March. The recommendations from the two workshops will be presented at the 41st Session of the WCRP Joint Scientific Committee (JSC), which will take place in Sydney, Australia, in May. 
The workshop was hosted by the Cluster of Excellence “Climate, Climatic Change, and Society” (CLICCS).

Participants of the WCRP Flagship Workshop (Photo: CLICCS).

CLIVAR Exchanges/US CLIVAR Variations: A joint special edition on Sources and Sinks of Ocean Mesoscale Eddy Energy

The 77th issue of Exchanges and Variations, joint between International and US CLIVAR, is themed "Sources and Sinks of Ocean Mesoscale Eddy Energy," with guest editors Baylor Fox-Kemper, Brown University and Simon Marsland, CSIRO.
This joint publication highlights recent scientific progress from the 2019 US CLIVAR/CLIVAR Sources and Sinks of Ocean Mesoscale Eddy Energy Workshop, and includes information on the newly formed Ocean Transport and Eddy Energy Climate Process Team.
For a summary of all the articles in the issue and to accept Q&A from the public, a webinar accompanied this issue will be organized. All the authors, Baylor/Simon, Laure, Ian, Stu, David, Eric, Dujuan, and Sylvia will participant in this webinar. We welcome your joining in.­­­­­

WMO World Meteorological Day highlights Climate and Water

The World Meteorological Day 2020 highlights the theme of 'Climate and Water', with a focus on "managing climate and water in a more coordinated and sustainable manner because they are inextricably linked." Information and outreach materials can be found on the World Meteorological Day website and Trello board. Watch an animation created to highlight the event.

Earth System Predictability R&D

 NASA, on behalf of the National Science and Technology Council's Fast Track Action Committee for Earth System Predictability,  just released a Request for Information on Earth System Predictability R&D.
The request is for public input on future Earth system predictability R&D activities of Federal agencies as well as their partnerships with the external community. Requested information pertains to the practical needs that could be addressed by this Earth system predictability research effort and the socio-economic benefits that could result from it, current gaps and barriers that are holding back progress, and opportunities for key activities that could be most valuable, including transformative “big ideas,” with regard to understanding Earth system predictability. More specific information can be found therein.

The Request for Information can be accessed here:

Beatriz Balino
New face
Johanna Marquardt is a new member of the Bjerknes community and she started in her position as a PhD student at Department of Earth Science on April 14. She comes from Germany and has a Msc in Marine Geosciences from University of Bremen, Germany. She will be working in Nele Meckler’s group where she will reconstruct ocean temperatures at various locations for the Greenhouse climate of the Eocene.

Welcome, Johanna!
BCCR/GFI seminars

Hey all, 
after a brief period of uncertainty and withdrawals the BCCR seminar is again looking for speakers for the upcoming weeks. Please feel free to fill out the form following if you wish to share your research with our community.
Until further notice Zoom will be used for the seminars. Upon request a switch of platforms to Teams is possible at any time. Favourably, we return to our weekly seminars at Monday, however at the moment we are of course more flexible. Do not hesitate to contact me in case of questions.
Best regards,

/The seminar committee/

Next upcoming seminar:
Name: Jostein Bakke and Henriette Linge
Affiliation: UIB GEO
Title of the seminar talk: Field work report from Kerguelen, South Indian Ocean
Time: Apr 20, 2020 via Zoom and will start at 14.15

Constraints of global warming subgroup meetings
(until summer).
All meetings are from 12-13. For as long as the situation stays as it is Bjørg Risebrobakken will set up the meetings using teams. Here is the plan - overall a good mix of wide raging topics:

24 April - Nele Meckler: The Cenozoic evolution of deep-sea temperatures
15 May - Timothée Bourgeois: Reducing projection uncertainties in ocean carbon uptake using contemporary observation-based warming trends
29 May - Leilane Passos: NorCPM skill to predict ocean state in the Subpolar North Atlantic and Nordic Seas
12 June - Kristin Richter: Likely related to detecting a forced sea-level signal in sea-level observations over the past 25 years
Berben, S.M.P.,Dokken, T.M., Abbott, P.M., Cooke,E., Sadatzki, H, Simon, M.H, Jansen, E. (2020): Independent tephrochronological evidence for rapid and synchronous oceanic and atmospheric temperature rises over the Greenland stadial-interstadial transitions between ca. 32 and 40 ka b2k, Quaternary Science Reviews,236,

Send us information about new publications:
Bjerknes in the news
Trær i byen gjør hetebølger mer levelige                         
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Universitetstopper og professorer: Roper varsko om forskningspenger i EU               
Khrono 11.04.2020, Eystein Jansen 
Strid i ERC: Forskningssjef går av med pandemiprotest            
Khrono 08.04.2020, Eystein Jansen 
Forskningsleder går av etter konflikt med EU
Universitetsavisa 08.04.2020, Eystein Jansen 
- Viktigere enn noensinne å bygge nye næringer på skuldrene til dagens oljeindustri       
EnerWE 08.04.2020 
Hvordan vil verden se ut etterpå?                       
NRK 04.04.2020, Kikki Kleiven
Upcoming events

IMBeR ClimEco7 Summer School - Interdisciplinary ocean science for sustainable development goals
2020.08.17 - 2020.08.21 Vancouver, Canada
ACDC 2020, Dynamics of the Global Water Cycle
16th – 28th August 2020,Abisko Scientific Research Station, Sweden
19th Swiss Climate Summer School
Extreme weather and climate: from atmospheric processes to impacts on ecosystems and society
23–28 August 2020, Grindelwald, Switzerland
50th Arctic Workshop
30 August-1 September 2020, Boulder, Colorado, USA
2nd International PalaeoArc Conference
late September/early October (TBD) 2020, Pisa, Italy
7 - 10 September 2020  Lima, Perú.
Bjerknes Annual Meeting
14-16 September 2020, Bergen
Arctic Circle 2020 Assembly
October 8-11, Harpa Reykjavík
Annual Meeting of the Norwegian Geophysical Society:
21-22 October 2020 in Bergen
Bjerknes Getaway
11-13 January 2021, Geilo
The 52nd International Liège colloquium on Ocean Dynamics
17 - 21 May 2021 Liège, Belgium
Funding opportunities

Note that NFR are postponing the application submission deadline by two weeks, from 6 May to 20 May, 13:00 CEST. The call for proposals for Large-scale Interdisciplinary Researcher Project (the Fellesløft IV joint funding initiative) has been postponed to 2021.

ERC Advanced Grants 2020 (Call opens 14.05.2020)
Deadline: 26 August
NFR: Knowledge-building Projects for Industry and Collaborative Projects to meet Societal and Industry-related Challenges
Deadline: 2 September
NFR: Hosting Events
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR: Personal overseas grant for Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Fellows
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR: Personal overseas grant for Researchers
Deadline: Open-ended
EU H2020 MSCA Individual Fellowship
Deadline: 9 September 2020
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BCCR on Flickr for photo sharing 
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