Friday 28 August 2020, No 15, Week 35
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Director's note

Setting sail for the future

One year from now, the Bergen based tall ship Statsraad Lehmkuhl is setting sail for the future, a 19 month-long expedition circumnavigating the globe from August 2021 to April 2023. The focus is on ocean sustainability through research, education and diplomacy, contributing to the UN decade of Ocean Science and Sustainable development.  
The Bjerknes Centre is partner in the project. We will collect sea surface data during the entire voyage, run a course on climate and sustainability in the Caribbean, and probably also take part in our owner’s activities who will be responsible for the legs from Havana to New York (IMR), from Valparaiso to Palau (UiB), and from Maputo to Cape Town.
Norway should also begin to set sail for the future. Many questioned the generous 100 bn stimulus packages that was given to the oil and gas industry to keep up investments during the covid19 period with lower demand for fossil fuel. The narrative is that without oil and gas investments there will no longer be industry, and without industry there will be no green transition. 
An alternative would have been to spend all this money on some large-scale renewable energy projects to speed up the green transition. Offshore wind is an obvious candidate. The UK government launched an interesting report yesterday. The expected cost of producing electricity from offshore wind in 2025 is £57/MWh, down from £107/MWh that was expected only four years ago. In comparison, the price for electricity from gas is expected to be £85/MWh. 
Covid19 continues to put restrictions on us. Most countries have returned back to red, meaning that we cannot travel from these countries without being put in quarantine. Norway also saw an increase in new cases towards the end of the summer, but the number has been reduced again.  This is also the case in Bergen where a local outbreak among students has made us into the Norwegian hot spot.
It is not easy to plan meetings these days, but we still aim to have the Bjerknes annual meeting physically at Grand Hotel Terminus on September 15. It is also possibly to follow the talk and take part in the discussions by video, but you will then have to prepare your own dinner. We have an interesting program with a good balance of speakers, so please show up one way or another.
I have noticed that many PhD students have been here and grabbed a Bjerknes T-shirt this week. Remember to wear it while you are outdoors this weekend, you never know when the next chance will be. Personally, I will enjoy the annual race from Gullbotn to Kjøkkelvik tomorrow, 8 mountains and 3300 height meters from east to west, so perhaps I will see you at some point.  
New faces
A warm welcome to our new Bjerknes members!
Anna-Marie Strehl from Germany is a new PhD-student at the Geophysical institute. Her field is oceanography and she has a Masters degree in physics.
Heiko Goelzer is a new senior researcher in the Climate group at NORCE. He has expertise in ice sheet modelling and ice-climate interactions and will be working with NorESM in the INES, KeyCLIM and RISES projects. Heiko is from Germany.
Karl Purcell is Canadian, and has started in a PhD position at Department of Earth Science. His work will be connected with the SapienCE project. His field is marine geology and paleoclimatology.
David Chandler from UK has started in a postdoc position at NORCE where he will be working on the TiPACCS project. He has a PhD in Geophysics and his field is glaciology. 
Will you give Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra a vote?
Our friends in Grieghallen has kindly asked us to share a voting link within the Bjerknes community.  The Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra is very happy to be nominated for the Gramophone’s Orchestra of the Year 2020.
They are among 10 international orchestras nominated for award, where the audience online give their favorite orchestra a vote. If you would like to give them a vote, please use this link:
Listen to the nominated orchestras and read more on the award and public vote at Voting closes at midnight on September 7.
The portrait
Name: Evangelia (Elina) Efstathiou
Position: PhD candidate
How long have  you  been at BCCR?
I am a BCCR member since March 2018.
BSc in Physics MSc Oceanography and Marine Environmental Management

I studied theoretical physics at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece) and during my studies I specialized in environmental physics. As I am a person with dyslexia, I never thought I would be able to become a PhD candidate; it was something I strategically hid during my interview. I regret I hid it,  because having dyslexia doesn’t makes me less able to work in any field than others,  just people should be aware  that when I say ”left” I possibly mean ”right” and when I say that sea surface temperature is 91 degrees Celsius I definitely mean 19! Dyslexia didn’t prevent me to accept difficult challenges, thus during my bachelors thesis I decided to work with numerical models and for you who know more or less about numerical models, the first time is quite painful. The topic was to study the main mechanisms which force the Mediterranean Sea surface circulation, by conducting sensitivity experiments with the numerical model POM (Princeton Ocean Model). During my Masters I chose to study how the Mediterranean Sea effects the AMOC (Atlantic Meridional Ocean Circulation), by using the numerical model NEMO (just NEMO).
What is it you do exactly at work?
My PhD topic is to investigate how the subsurface hydrographic anomalies (temperature and salinity) which observed at the North Atlantic, are propagating northward and how they affect the sea ice formation in the Barents Sea. However, except my scientific contribution I have teaching duties at the Geophysical Institute at UiB, where I help the third year students with the exercises at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics course. Finally, I am responsible to meet and integrate the new PhD students to our family, especially the ones who come from abroad. So with that way I am sure that nobody will feel alone in this country, where many of us we leave behind our families and friends to live in an other country.
Why climate research?
This is a very serious question and reflects on my long term goals. I strongly believe that climate and even more, the climate change, it is the most complex puzzle that mankind society will ever try to solve. According to my opinion, its complexity does not occurs only the mathematical, physical, chemical, geological and biological aspects. It does not even occurs the fact that all of these are combined with the most incredible way through the sublime wisdom of what we call ”nature”. It concerns the global economical situation, which under the umbrella of the political tolerance and complicity, wastes the limited natural resources, adding uncountable pieces to this puzzle every single second and changing thus the ”picture-goal” we try to solve. So, I chose to work with climate research, because one day I want to be able to affect with my knowledge, hopefully for the best, this picture and advising the stakeholders to take the right decisions. And why not, one day to be one of these stakeholders. Here I would like to thank all the BCCR members because with all the possible ways you help me to evolve and every day you bring me closer to achieve my goals.
What extracurricular activities do you have?

I categorize them to mental and physical activities. The first category includes to read books mostly with philosophical and political content, to solve puzzles and to write stand up performances, with the ambition one day I will stand in front of the audience and I will express all my ”heavy” philosophical thoughts with a ”light” way. The second includes dancing, hiking and biking. Finally, I have one which combines both categories and is to hunt clouds with my camera, while I enjoy my walk towards the top of the mountains. My favourite clouds are the evening ones when the reflection of the sun creates amazing colors and shapes and help me to dream and set new personal goals.
Do you have a favourite song, band or artist?

I could write a whole essay about this topic but I will tell you my favourite band I have this period. The name of the band is ”Grup Yorum” and is a Turkish band where except their melodic songs they touch me with their political actions.
Your favourite food?
My mother’s food.

The best and worst about Bergen?
The best is that its a vibrant city and despite the fact that its a relatively small city, provides many options for every mood.  The worst is that there is no direct fight to Athens and it makes it difficult and ridiculously expensive  for me to visit my family.
Vacant positions
3-year Postdoctoral Research Fellowship or Senior Researcher position to study permafrost thaw and consequences to nature and society using Earth system modeling
Deadline: 30 August 2020

Research fellow (PhD candidate) in modelling of windstorm damage and risk
Geophysical institute, UiB
Deadline: 1 September 2020
Abel, C., Horion, S., Tagesson, T. et al. including Seddon, A. The human–environment nexus and vegetation–rainfall sensitivity in tropical drylands. Nat Sustain (2020).

Aldama‐Campino, A., Fransner, F., Ödalen, M., Groeskamp, S., Yool, A., Döös, K., & Nycander, J. (2020). Meridional Ocean Carbon Transport. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34, e2019GB006336.

McClymont, E. L. et al including, Risebrobakken, B., De Schepper, S., Guo, C.,., Li, X., Nisancioglu, K. H and Zhang, Z.(2020): Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago, Clim. Past, 16, 1599–1615,,

Darelius, E. (2020):, On the effect of climate trends in coastal density on deep water renewal frequency in sill fjords—A statistical approach. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 243 (2020), doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106904.
Ekblom Johansson, F., Wangner, D. J., Andresen, C. S., Bakke, J., Støren, E. N., Schmidt, S., & Vieli, A. (2020). Glacier and ocean variability in Ata Sund, west Greenland, since 1400 CE. The Holocene.

Ekblom Johansson F, Bakke J, Støren EN, Paasche Ø, Engeland K and Arnaud F (2020) Lake Sediments Reveal Large Variations in Flood Frequency Over the Last 6,500 Years in South-Western Norway. Front. Earth Sci. 8:239. doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.00239

Fer, I., Z. Koenig, I. E. Kozlov, M. Ostrowski, T. P. Rippeth, L. Padman, A. Bosse, and E. Kolås (2020): Tidally-forced lee waves drive turbulent mixing along the Arctic Ocean margins, Geophys. Res. Lett., 47,

Fransner F, Counillon F, Bethke I, Tjiputra J, Samuelsen A, Nummelin A and Olsen A (2020) Ocean Biogeochemical Predictions—Initialization and Limits of Predictability. Front. Mar. Sci. 7:386. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00386

Haualand, K. F., and T. Spengler (2020):Direct and Indirect Effects of Surface Fluxes on Moist Baroclinic Development in an Idealized Framework. J. Atmos. Sci., doi:
Kolstad, E. W., C. O. Wulff, D. I. V. Domeisen, and T. Woollings (2020):, Tracing North Atlantic Oscillation forecast errors to stratospheric origins. J. Climate, doi:

Loose, N., Heimbach, P., Pillar, H. R., & Nisancioglu, K. H. (2020). Quantifying dynamical proxy potential through shared adjustment physics in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016112.

Polyakov, I. V., T. P. Rippeth, I. Fer, T. M. Baumann, E. C. Carmack, V. V. Ivanov, M. Janout, L. Padman, A. V. Pnyushkov, and R. Rember (2020): Intensification of Near-Surface Currents and Shear in the Eastern Arctic Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., n/a, e2020GL089469, 10.1029/2020gl089469.

Polyakov, I. V., T. P. Rippeth, I. Fer, M. B. Alkire, T. M. Baumann, E. C. Carmack, R. Ingvaldsen, V. V. Ivanov, M. Janout, S. Lind, L. Padman, A. V. Pnyushkov, and R. Rember (2020): Weakening of cold halocline layer exposes sea ice to oceanic heat in the eastern Arctic Ocean, J. Climate, 10.1175/jcli-d-19-0976.1.

Richter, K et al. (2020). Detecting a forced signal in satellite-era sea-level change. Environmental Research Letters.

Straume,E.O., Gaina, C., Medvedev, S., Nisancioglu, K.H. (2020): Global Cenozoic Paleobathymetry with a focus on the Northern Hemisphere Oceanic Gateways, Gondwana Research, 86, 126-143, ISSN 1342-937X,

Send us information about new publications:
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Upcoming events
Bjerknes Annual Meeting
15 September 2020, Terminus hall, Bergen
NorESM user workshop 2020, organised by the INES infrastructure project.
21-23 September, 2020 Place: Virtually online
CHESS Annual Meeting 2020
28 September-2 October onboard of MS Trollfjord, Hurtigruten.
International Atmospheric Rivers Conference Sponsored Symposium
5-9 October 2020 , virtually
Annual Meeting of the Norwegian Geophysical Society:
21-22 October 2020 in Bergen
EC ESA EO for Polar Science Workshop
28- 30 October, Online
AGU Fall meeting
7-11 December, 2020, Online everywhere
The 52nd International Liège colloquium on Ocean Dynamics
17 - 21 May 2021 Liège, Belgium
Funding opportunities
NFR: Knowledge-building Projects for Industry and Collaborative Projects to meet Societal and Industry-related Challenges
Deadline: 2 September
NFR: Hosting Events
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR: Support for communication and dissemination
Deadline: Open ended
NFR: Personal overseas grant for Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Fellows
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR: Personal overseas grant for Researchers
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR: Support for hosting a research visit of 1-12 months
Deadline: Open-ended
NFR-AURORA/DAAD Research exhange with France and Germany
Deadline 2 September 2020 
EU H2020 MSCA Individual Fellowship
Deadline: 9 September 2020
Fulbright Norway, Mobility stipend (Norwegian citizens)
Deadline: 1 October 2020
NFR Research infrastructure
Deadline: 18 November 2020
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