For more information contact:
Asthma and Respiratory Foundation NZ
Phone: 04 495 0097
• Respiratory disease is New Zealand’s third most common cause of death.
• Respiratory disease costs New Zealand more than $5.5 billion every year.
• One in six (over 700,000) New Zealanders live with a respiratory condition, and these rates are worsening.
In New Zealand:
• OSA is estimated to affect 3−5% of children and is one of the most common respiratory disorders of childhood (Paediatric Society of New Zealand, 2014)
• a minimum of 4% of adult males and 2% of adult females experience OSA, though most cases are undiagnosed (Mihaere et al., 2009)
• OSA rates are higher among Māori and Pacific people: OSA is twice as common in Māori males compared to non-Māori males, Māori and Pacific people tend to have more severe OSA and more co-morbidities, and there are ethnic disparities in the ongoing use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) (Mihaere et al., 2009; Best Practice Advocacy Centre New Zealand, 2012; Bakker, O’Keeffe, Neill, & Campbell, 2011)
• OSA is considered a contributor to overall health loss and also a risk factor for other life-limiting conditions (coronary heart disease, ischaemic stroke, type 2 diabetes) (Ministry of Health, 2013a; Gander et al., 2010).
Despite this, there is a lack of up-to -date published data on OSA prevalence in New Zealand (Telfar Barnard et al., 2015).
The National Respiratory Strategy - Te Hā Ora is available to download at www.asthmafoundation.org.nz.
Bakker, J., O’Keeffe, K., Neill, A., & Campbell, A. (2011). Ethnic disparities in CPAP adherence in New Zealand: Effects of socioeconomic status, health literacy and self-efficacy. Sleep, 34(11): 1595−1603.
Gander, P., Scott, G., Mihaere, K., & Scott, H. (2010). Societal costs of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123: 1321.
Mihaere, K., Harris, R., Gander, P., Reid, P., Purdie, G., Robson, B., et al. (2009). Obstructive sleep apnea in New Zealand adults: Prevalence and risk factors among Māori and non-Māori. Sleep, 32(7): 949−956.
Ministry of Health. (2013a). Health loss in New Zealand: A report from the New Zealand Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study, 2006−2016. Retrieved from: http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/health-loss-new-zealand-report-new-zealand-burden-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-study-2006-2016.
Paediatric Society of New Zealand. (2014). New Zealand guidelines for the assessment of sleep-disordered breathing in childhood. Retrieved from: https://www.starship.org.nz/for-health-professionals/national-child-and-youth-clinical-networks/paediatric-sleep-medicine/new-zealand-guidelines-for-the-assessment-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children/.
Telfar Barnard, L., Baker, M., Pierse, N., & Zhang, J. (2015). The impact of respiratory disease in New Zealand: 2014 update. Wellington: Asthma Foundation.