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Public Health Evidence Bulletin

February 21st 2020, No.285 

Poverty
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation have published their 2019/20 annual report on UK poverty which includes recommendations to improve job prospects for all in society, tackle in-work poverty, establish a stronger social security system and provide access to affordable housing.
Nutrition 
The Food Foundation have published a London Children’s Food Insecurity briefing showing that one in six children in London experience food insecurity. Recommendations include guidance for schools, reducing advertising of junk food on all media and raising business rates for fast food outlets.

New British research using food diaries shows that consumption of breakfast is significantly  correlated with better academic performance among adolescents aged 16 to 18, even after controlling for confounding factors such as socio-economic status.

New time series research using supermarket data evaluates the impact of the UK government’s Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL) introduced in 2018 to help tackle childhood obesity. The results show that the SDIL incentivised supermarkets to reduce the percentage of high sugar drinks (over 5g of sugar per 100mL). Between 2015 and 2019, the percentage of high sugar drinks in supermarkets fell from 49% to 15%.

A small study of around 100 healthy lean young adults has found that those randomised to a high fat high sugar “Western style” diet for one week showed impaired appetite control, an effect that could promote overeating. 
Gambling
The Royal Society for Public Health have published the results of a survey to find out what over 1,000 young people aged 11 to 24 in the UK understand about gambling and its effect on their health and wellbeing. The report includes calls for more information to be given at school on potential harms of gambling.


The NHS data show that the number of gambling-related hospital admissions has more than doubled in the six years between 2013 and 2019, rising from 150 to 321 respectively.
Copyright © 2020 City & Hackney Public Health Team, All rights reserved.


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