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Global WASH Cluster
GWC Monthly Newsletter #10
02 / 11 / 2021
Dear colleagues,
 
Welcome to the tenth edition of the Global WASH Cluster’s (GWC) 2021 Monthly Newsletter! We are pleased to share in this issue upcoming news on World Toilet Day, the Gap Analysis, key operational coordination updates and news from partner organizations including REACH, UNICEF, ALNAP, IFRC, Solidarités International and others.

In addition, key documents from national humanitarian WASH coordination platforms are also featured in the operational update section. Highlights this month from countries feature The Role of Climate Information and Early Warning Systems in Supporting Disaster Risk Reduction in Somalia and the Access to Flooding Mitigation and Prevention Measures in Light of Climate Change Impact in Gaza.

According to OCHA, globally WASH Humanitarian Appeals in 2021 are only 15% funded - out of the 2.7 billion USD required, only 400 million USD have been received. With major ongoing crises in Northern Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Yemen, DRC among others, 119 million people are in need of humanitarian WASH assistance in 2021 (see data here) and it seems that this will be likely to increase in the 2022 humanitarian response plans.

With World Toilet Day approaching, on the 19th November, we would like to engage partners and national humanitarian WASH coordination platforms to increase awareness and understanding about the value of sanitation. We also value showcasing the incredible work National Humanitarian WASH Coordination Platforms and partners are doing around the world, so please send us your photos, stories, and other content to highlight the work of your team or draw attention to issues that matter to you. Read our submission guidelines here. All items can be sent directly for inclusion to the next newsletter by Friday, 26th November 2021 to globalwashcluster@gmail.com
 
Best regards,
CAST (Cluster Advocacy and Support Team)
© UNICEF/UN0535384/Abdul
GWC Collaborations and News
🚽 Upcoming World Toilet Day - 19th November 2021 🚽

Who cares about toilets? 3.6 billion people do. Because they don’t have one.

Today, nearly half the world’s population live without a 'safely managed sanitation service': a toilet, not shared with other households, that either treats or disposes of human waste on site, stores it safely to be emptied and treated off-site, or connects to a functioning sewer. 

We should all care more about toilets. If you have one, thank it. Life without a toilet is dirty, dangerous and undignified.

Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces. Every day, over 700 children under five years old die from diarrhoea linked to unsafe water, sanitation and poor hygiene.  

Public health depends on toilets.

When some people in a community do not have safe toilets, everyone’s health is threatened. Poor sanitation contaminates drinking-water sources, rivers, beaches and food crops, spreading deadly diseases among the wider population.

Toilets also drive improvements in gender equality, education, economics and the environment.

Toilets protect women and girls’ dignity, safety and health, especially during menstruation and pregnancy. For every $1 invested in basic sanitation up to $5 is returned in saved medical costs and increased productivity, and jobs are created along the entire service chain. 

Read more here: https://www.worldtoiletday.info/
 

Engage With Us and Share Your Stories!

The CAST would like to remind and encourage WASH partners and coordination platforms to engage through the campaigns and events at the country level - feel free to share any country-level initiative, story related to World Toilet Day directly to globalwashcluster@gmail.com by the 15th November and we will be happy to publish it across our networks or through Twitter and tag us @WashClusterglob.
 
🚽#WorldToiletDay 🚽
Gap Analysis 2021 Update

To identify spaces for innovation in emergency WASH and funding priorities, the Global WASH Cluster (GWC) joined forces with ElrhaOxfam and academic partners to produce ‘Gaps in WASH in Humanitarian Response: 2021 Update’ - the most comprehensive global data collection of its kind. More than 1,700 people affected by crisis along with 700 in-country and global WASH practitioners have contributed views and experiences to this gap analysis, providing an important evidence base from which to set priorities for future WASH research, innovation, coordination and delivery.

The GWC would like to remind and encourage WASH partners and cluster platforms to use the gap analysis results and database at country levels, to discuss key results, and to consider the use of national data at coordination meetings and for strategic planning. We also encourage all to share this widely across your networks and contribute to the dissemination of these results.

Feel free to address any questions you have to globalwashcluster@gmail.com

Access here
Operational Updates
The Global WASH Cluster provides Operational Support for coordination platforms in humanitarian emergencies through deployments and remote support. The support is provided by the Field Support Team (FST), a consortium of WASH agencies providing 8 staff (4 x coordinators, 3 x information managers, and 1 x assessment specialist) with the support and oversight of the GWC-Cluster Advocacy and Support Team. To access these services national coordinators or information managers can send an email or inquiry to gwchelp@unicef.org (SWZ-GWC Help Desk). 

We also remind all that the GWC Coordination Toolkit is our live resource for guidance in all matters for coordination, information management and assessments. 

Field Support Team (FST) Deployments

WASH Information Management Support to Mozambique - Direct Mission 

Since October 2017, armed conflict has caused a displacement crisis in northern Mozambique. In Cabo Delgado, 1 in every 3 people, over 730,000 people, are internally displaced in the province and a cholera outbreak also occurred in early 2021. Now, an estimated 1.3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. Alexandra Karkouli, FST Information Manager from Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) was deployed  from 28th September and is expected to be on mission until late November.  

During this deployment, the FST IM accompanies the national IM consultant in strengthening and localizing the IM system for the WASH Cluster. The main focus is to improve the WASH Cluster IM Framework, with efficient reporting and monitoring tools, including the ongoing refining of the 5W and discussions around other operational IM tools and approaches. Furthermore, the FST IM has been working on capacity development, training the IMO to produce dashboards and other visual products, as well as WASH cluster partners and coordination staff to use the IM framework. Also, meetings with relevant governmental authorities and other partners have been held about the future plans for IM systems.  

The FST IM has liaised with the FST Assessment Specialist to incorporate key indicators for assessment and response reporting and to include qualitative (AQA) indicators in gap analysis tools among other tasks. This additional assessment capacity has been provided through Rebecka Rydberg, FST Assessment Specialist seconded from IMPACT

Read more on the Mozambique WASH Sector Website here

WASH Cluster Coordination Support to Lebanon - Direct Mission 

Since late 2019, Lebanon has been suffering from a financial and social crisis, along with a complicated situation concerning Syrian and Palestine refugees in the country. The blast at the Port of Beirut in August 2020 had devastating consequences and deepened the economic crisis and political instability, leading to over 1.9 million people in need and the degradation of the security situation in the past months. The severe electricity and fuel shortages that have been affecting Lebanon over the past weeks, are impeding the provision of essential services, including health care and water, and have resulted in tremendous additional hardship across all populations. The fuel shortage has also posed additional operational challenges to the humanitarian community assisting the country’s most vulnerable populations.

Ewan Chainey, FST Cluster Coordinator with OXFAM  was deployed on 23rd September and is expected to be on mission until late November.  

The main focus of this deployment is on leading national WASH sector coordination, also interacting with government counterparts and humanitarian actors. The FST member has attended National and UNICEF Sector meetings but also sessions with UNCHR, OCHA, REACH and WFP, and relevant government authorities. Moreover, supporting sub-national coordinators to facilitate engagement in response planning and overall coordination is an essential aspect of this deployment. During this time, Ewan has met with all four sub-national sectors, including a field visit to sub-sector office locations. 

Other key areas are the maintenance of adequate resource mobilization, the provision of technical guidance and capacity-building for the core national coordination team, with coordination and information management training being already planned. 

Read more on the Lebanon WASH Sector Website here

Stories from the Field – Northern Ethiopia and IM FST Deployment

In November 2020, the conflict between federal and Tigray regional forces erupted in the Tigray region and since then, and particularly since June 2021, the security situation remains highly complex and volatile. These clashes resulted in almost 3 million people being displaced in Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions, and 5,2 million in need of humanitarian need, with 4.5 million in need of WASH services.  

In the WASH sector, the most significant needs currently include the provision and access to WASH and sanitation services, mainly in IDP sites. The completion of WASH facilities in IDP relocation sites, including those in Mekelle, Eastern, Central and Northwestern areas, is one of the critical actions undergoing. Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities for those sheltered in schools and the provision of WASH NFIs and hygiene kits for IDPs and host communities constitutes areas of need in the Tigray and Amhara regions. More broadly, adequate provision of WASH services to prevent disease outbreaks remains to be improved. 

According to the Cluster and OCHA, more than 20,000 people were reached with water trucking in Central Zone and 18 water points were rehabilitated, benefiting almost 34,000 people with access to safe drinking water in Central and South-Eastern areas.  Also, on hygiene promotion, 3500 people were reached with hygiene sessions. In the Amhara region, WASH supplies were distributed, with 27,300 people benefiting from water treatment chemicals and more than 2,000 from access to safe drinking water through durable solutions.  

However, several gaps remain. Fuel shortages for water trucking and water pumping pose an important challenge. This factor has greatly impacted the response on IDP sites, with a reduction on the quantity of water provided. The distribution of WASH supplies is still deficient, as NFIs at the local market are limited and the lack of cash leads to the impossibility of replenishing stocks. WASH partners face the situation with limited resources and capacities for the relocation of IDP. 

Two Field Support Team members - John Kanani, FST Cluster Coordinator from OXFAM and Jason Searle, FST Information Manager from IMMAP were deployed from July to October. Their missions aimed at supporting the WASH cluster coordination platform in Tigray and strengthening the response monitoring tools and guidance. The FST coordinator focused on establishing a functional coordination mechanism and informing strategic decision-making on the HCT but supported partnerships and capacity development activities. Concerning the FST IM, the key areas of this deployment were supporting sub-cluster participants in adapting IM approaches for identifying information gaps, reporting activities and developing IM capacity with partners. 

Read more about the Ethiopia WASH Cluster here

HNO & HRP 2021-2022 - Updated Guidance, Webinars and Upcoming Events

GWC Recent Webinars 

We are sharing with you the links of the recorded presentations from previous webinars in English and French as well as supporting documents from the webinar.  You can find these below: 

  • Project and/or Activity Costing of HRPs: webinar, PPTs and exercises  EN - FR

  • Cluster Coordination Performance Monitoring: webinar and PPTs EN - FR
    The webinars constitute an unofficial launch of the Cluster Coordination Performance Monitoring process, this is an annual review of the national clusters that is based on a survey by of active WASH implementation agencies.  The survey results form the basis of a workshop that will develop an action plan to improve the national coordination mechanisms. We would encourage all agencies participating in national coordination events to complete the national surveys and to attend the workshop and action planning.  Please consult with your national coordinator for the timeline.

  • Market-Based Programming Country Webinars:
    French session: Link to webinar - Link to presentation 
    Spanish/English/French session: Link to webinar ES / EN / FR – PPT
    Arabic/Portuguese/English session: Link to webinar AR / PO / EN – PPT

HRP 2021 – 2022 | Guidance Resources 

With the HRP season approaching, we also wanted to share some resources on WASH Operational Response Plans, including guidance on defining WASH response strategic objectives, estimating WASH sector humanitarian caseloads, WASH response prioritization and costing. You can find the links below and in our coordination toolkit (CTK): 

Disability inclusion and intersectional considerations in the 2021 HPC

The past few years, particularly since the World Humanitarian Summit, have seen more focused efforts on inclusion of persons with disabilities in humanitarian action. One of the key efforts in this regard has been the initiative to make humanitarian programming more responsive to the needs of persons with disabilities affected by crisis through focusing on the process of developing the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs), as part of the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) Humanitarian Investment Program1. These efforts have involved the development of Guidance on Strengthening Disability Inclusion in HRPs2 and accompanying resources (including tip sheets), as well as support to countries, both through global webinars and more targeted bilateral support.

To track progress and inform these efforts going forward, reviews of disability inclusion in HNOs/ HRPs were conducted in 2018 and in 2020. This report presents the findings of the 2021 review, including an overview of progress made since 2018. Read the report here and see the PPT here.

Also see more in-depth the presentations from the GBV AoR to UNICEF and UNFPA on disability inclusion in the HPC.

Resources and Tools from National Humanitarian WASH Coordination Platforms - May 2021:
We encourage all National Humanitarian WASH Coordination Platforms to send their examples, guidance, tools on coordination, information management, assessment and technical guidelines/documents directly to: globalwashcluster@gmail.com
Partner Updates
REACH WASH Assessment Update - October 2021

South Sudan WASH Infrastructure Mapping
The nature of displacement and access constraints in South Sudan has resulted in limited understanding of WASH needs in many parts of the country. REACH, together with partners, conducted an infrastructure mapping in selected counties (Ezo, Magwi, Rumbek, and Yambio) between December 2020 and August 2021 in order to fill these information gaps.

Yemen WASH Needs Tracking System
The Yemen WASH Cluster together with REACH launched the WASH Needs Tracking System (WANTS) at the beginning of 2021 in order to provide updated information and analysis on WASH needs and access throughout the country.
The WANTS analyses data collected by partners using a harmonised set of monitoring tools.

Nigeria WASH Infrastructure Mapping
REACH, in close coordination with the Northeast Nigerian WASH sector, carried out an infrastructure assessment in Borno state between December 2020 to March 2021. Borno state is has suffered accessibility and security issues which has impeded a systematic understanding of WASH infrastructure. With the crisis continuing, and with plans for IDPs to return to the area, the information from this assessment can be used to inform better humanitarian response to meet the WASH needs of the population. 

Colombia WASH Focused Market Assessment
In Colombia, REACH supported another round of the WASH market assessment in the Department of Norte de Santander.

The assessment provided a more in-depth analysis of the market for WASH products and services through the perspectives of consumers, merchants, and service providers.

Haiti WASH Price Monitoring
REACH in Haiti provides technical support to the WASH sector for implementing a price monitoring system for the most essential WASH products and services in Haiti. Data from the assessment will regularly inform WASH partners on market trends, price fluctuations and access.

Mali WASH Secondary Data Review
In Mali, REACH conducted a secondary data review (SDR) of available WASH data in order to identify priority information, information gaps, and to inform future assessments for the WASH sector.
 


Global - WASH Severity Classification (WSC)
The WASH Severity Classification (WSC) has continued to expand its scope of work. The first nation-wide implementation was completed in South Sudan in May 2021. This was followed by two subsequent implementations conducted in Niger and Iraq (results yet to be finalised). The WSC team is also conducting analysis in 17 countries. In parallel, Tufts University have been working on a technical review of the methodology of the WSC.
 
See REACH Resource Centre for all WASH related information products and the COVID-19 page for updates on ongoing research on the impact of COVID-19 in crisis-affected countries.
UNICEF WASH - Key Updates and New Resources

🆕WASH Training Catalogue
Skilled sector professionals and well-informed policymakers are key ingredients for achieving our mission to bring WASH services to children and families around the world.

We highly value the talents and capacity of WASH professionals as the core assets to drive our global vision : to realize the human rights to water and sanitation for all and build a diverse, gender equal WASH workforce that taps into the talents of young people around the world. Read more here.


UNICEF Sector-Wide Sustainability Check Tool

More than 10 years after introducing the sustainability check tool, UNICEF has developed a renovated version that aims at moving from project-based sustainability checks towards sector-wide sustainability monitoring.

Building up on the past experience, the new tool represents a key strategic shift towards a new generation of sustainability monitoring which aims at increasing accountability and long-term sustainability in the WASH sector. Read more here.
 

New Resource Page on Disability-Inclusive WASH
UNICEF and partners launched a new resource page on Disability Inclusive and Accessible WASH at the 2021 Stockholm World Water Week to signpost and share resources on WASH and disability from different organisations working in development and humanitarian contexts. Read more here.

Gender-Responsive Programming on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Playlist - Training

This learning playlist aims to provide UNICEF staff, implementing partners and consultants with tools and examples to incorporate a gender lens at each stage of the WASH programme cycle (including in humanitarian emergencies) using a results-based management approach. A results-based management approach has three stages. This learning playlist has an introductory course plus one course per phase: strategic planning (situation analysis and program design), implementation and monitoring & evaluation (M&E).

The playlist directly supports staff and partners in ensuring that gender analysis is carried out at the WASH cluster level and/or funding a partner to conduct one; identifying/ranking a substantive gender analysis within a proposal and the key elements and applications. Read more here.

State of the Humanitarian System Report: Practitioner Survey - Extended Deadline

Don’t miss your opportunity to shape future humanitarian policy by completing the State of the Humanitarian System (SOHS) humanitarian practitioner survey by 15 November. The survey is targeted at staff who have worked in an active humanitarian response between 2018 and 2021 and is a key component of ALNAP’s flagship The State of the Humanitarian System Report. Your views will contribute to the report’s qualitative evidence on what is and isn’t working, as well as what can be learned to improve humanitarian response for crisis-affected communities. It has previously been administered four times, for the 2010, 2012, 2015, and 2018 State of the Humanitarian System reports. 

By giving 10-15 minutes of your time to complete the survey and share your views, you can help to shape future humanitarian action within your country of operation and globally. 

PLEASE CLICK HERE TO COMPLETE SURVEY

Do please feel free share to the survey widely across your networks and contacts – the survey is available in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.


ALNAP Lessons Paper: Adapting humanitarian action to the effects of climate change

Humanitarian agencies need to reflect on the past, learn from the present and actively imagine the near and increasingly threatening future. From excessive consumption to the over-exploitation of natural resources, polluting activities to large-scale deforestation, humans have already dramatically changed the Earth’s climate and environment. As a result, we are experiencing more frequent and more intense weather events, the humanitarian consequences of which are major. Droughts, flooding and tropical storms cause death, disease, destruction and large-scale population displacement. Public health emergencies are already increasing because of these changes. Conflicts and conflict situations may increase, as may the resulting human migration and displacement. Read more here.

IFRC - New Protection, Gender and Inclusion in WASH Guidance

Please find the new FrenchSpanish and Arabic versions of the new IFRC PGI in WASH guidance note.
 
This guidance note provides an overview of key protection, gender and inclusion (PGI) issues and practicalities to consider when assessing, designing, implementing and monitoring both long-term and humanitarian WASH programmes.  Read more here

Accountability and Quality Assurance Project Manager - Vacancy



As part of the Deputy Directorate of Operations for Programs, and under the direct supervision of the Senior Wash Technical Advisor, the AQA Project Manager will be in charge of coordinating and implementing, in partnership with OXFAM and the GWC, the activities under the responsibility of Solidarités International for the Phase 2 of the Accountability & Quality Assurance Initiative (AQA).

Duration of the mission: 18 months (end of 2022)
Location: based in Clichy (HQ), with regular trips / stays abroad (50%)


Apply here, open until filled.

WASH and Covid-19

Latest WASH & Covid-19 New Updates From Partners

  • Latest news from the Covid-19 Hygiene Hub - here
  • Socio-economic effects of COVID-19 on WASH - UNICEF - Novemebr 2021- Download here
  • WHO COVID-19 SPRP: Updated Appeal September 2021 - March 2022 - Download here
  • WHO SPRP 2021 Mid-term Report - WHO Strategic Action Against COVID 19 - October 2021 - Download here
  • Findings from the Real-Time Assessment of the UNICEF response to COVID-19 at country level - Video - 4 October 2021 - View here
  • Global Synthesis Report: Real-Time Assessment (RTA) of the UNICEF response to COVID-19 - updated - June 2021 - Download here
  • Latest RCCE Newsletter - 25 October - 8 November - Read here
  • A clinical case definition of post COVID-19 condition by a Delphi consensus - WHO - 6 October 2021 - Download here
Inter-Cluster Updates
IASC New Resources

MHPSS Toolkit

Following the launch of the IASC Common Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings: With means of verification (Version 2.0), an MHPSS Means of Verification toolkit has also been developed by MHPSS.net. This MoV toolkit will electronically store, maintain and disseminate the MoV resources in a single, easy-to-use format.  This toolkit was developed as part of a collaboration between MHPSS.net and WHO for the IASC MHPSS RG. 


Latest IASC Updates in October 2021:

Events
Webinar/Event link Date & time Organisation
26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26)
Water Pavilion: Water for Climate
 1-12 November SIWI/IA
On the Road to Dakar: Moving the Rural WASH Agenda
in Africa 
2 November -
17 December
RWSSI/
RWSN
1st Virtual IWA Emerging Water Leaders Forum 9 - 11 November          IWA
Seventh EMPHNET Regional Conference 15 & 19 November          EMPHNET
Decolonizing WASH Research 17 November          PCS
🚽 World Toilet Day  🚽 19 November          World
8th Africa Water Week and the
6th Africa Sanitation Conference
22-26 November          AMCOW
XVII World Water Congress 29 November -
3 December   
World

If you wish to contribute, please submit directly to: globalwashcluster@gmail.com.
Bangladesh - Youth activists sitting in the street as a form of strike in solidarity with the Global Climate Strike in Town Hall Road Barishal on 24 September 2021. In solidarity with Greta Thunberg’s Global Climate Movement, every year Alliance for Youth and Development (AYD), a network of youth groups, organizes a climate strike event in Barishal with support from UNICEF. This year AYD organized a similar climate strike maintaining COVID-19 health measures where more than 200 boys and girls from different youth organizations participated under the platform of AYD.
 
© UNICEF/UN0540762/Mawa
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