Childcare in Canada: Building a stronger post-pandemic system
Beyond the Headlines, 15 February 2021
This current affairs podcast by the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy, speaks to experts Anjum Sultana, Susan Prentice and Morna Ballantyne about child care in the Canadian context, and how to build a stronger system moving forward from COVID-19.
Ontario's kindergarten program: A success story
Elementary Teachers Federation Ontario, 3 February 2021
In Gordon Cleveland's review of the existing body of research into kindergarten and early years education in Ontario, his comprehensive analysis provides a compelling case for maintaining and investing in the current kindergarten model. Cleveland suggests that by investing in public education, and in particular in Ontario’s Kindergarten program, the government can support economic growth, help address inequality, provide opportunities to all regardless of socioeconomic background, and continue to improve outcomes for all students.
COVID-19 impacts on city-supported childcare providers and opportunities for future sectoral resilience
UBC Sustainability Scholars Program, August 2020
This report provides insights into the COVID-19 pandemic impacts on the child care sector and how the City of Vancouver can better support the sector’s resilience, using data from literature reviews and interviews with 14 city-facilitated child care operators. The results show that staffing was the top concern among 93% of the operators. The author suggests that the City can take on a convenor role to support existing networks of child care operators. The report also suggests creating an inclusive network for all childcare operators and that senior levels of government can recognize childcare as an essential service by providing support accordingly.
Research, policy and practice
ON: Flash sector survey
Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario and Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care, 17 February 2021
The AECEO and OCBCC have developed a survey to better understand how COVID-19 is currently impacting the ELCC sector and to inform their advocacy to the Ontario and Federal governments on behalf of the sector. They are accepting responses from sector members until February 23 2021.
Federal pre-budget consultations
Government of Canada, 25 January 2021
The Canadian government's consultation process for the 2021 Budget is ongoing and they are soliciting feedback through a questionnaire and formal submissions on Canadians’ priorities for the country’s economic recovery from COVID-19. We encourage subscribers to participate before the deadline of February 19 2021, and to highlight the need for an early learning and child care system in Canada.
Supporting the child care and early education workforce
Urban Institute, February 2021
Based on interviews with 20 experts about strategies to support the child care workforce, this report by the Urban Institute (US) presents a set of 19 diverse state and local policy strategies that policymakers, philanthropists, and key stakeholders could implement to address structural inequities facing Black, Latina, and Native American child care and early education staff and providers, and build a stronger and more equitable workforce in the future.
Opinion: Kamala Harris: The exodus of women from the workforce is a national emergency
The Washington Post, 1 February 2021
This opinion article by Vice President Kamala D. Harris addresses the alarming reality that women, particularly women in lower-wage jobs, are forced to leave the labour market due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the lack of structural support such as affordable and accessible child care to help achieve work/life balance.
Care work and parenting
Parenting and Work in Poland, 8 January 2021
This book chapter looks at cultural norms about the organization of care work by Polish parents, particularly how parental leaves are used and perceived, using the data from in-depth interviews and surveys. The analysis points out that the organization of care work is more than merely a matter of the personal preferences of parents but constrained by the availability of child care spaces, the availability of relative care, and by economic resources used to buy care in the private sector. The findings also indicate that the gendered norm about care is present in the Polish family policy system that promotes the traditional model in which women are responsible for care work.
Gender gaps in care work: Evidences from Argentina, Chile, Spain and Uruguay
Social Indicators Research, 3 January 2021
This research examines and compares the gender gaps in the non-paid domestic and care work undertaken in homes in Argentina, Chile, Spain and Uruguay, using data from national time use surveys. The findings show that non-paid care work is done by women in 70% of cases and that the equalizing effects of time availability and gender ideology are stronger for women in more egalitarian countries. The analysis also finds that macro-level factors such as economic development, female labor force participation, gender norms and welfare systems may also influence the division of this work. This implies that a reduction in macro-level gender inequality is required to achieve an equal division of household labour.
COVID-19 disruptions disproportionately affect female academics
National Bureau of Economic Research, 3 Jan 2021
This working paper investigates the effects of COVID-19 disruptions on the gender gap in American academia using a survey of the respondents’ circumstances, such as a spouse’s employment, the number and ages of children, and time use. The results indicate that women experienced significantly larger increases in child care and housework burdens. The study also finds that female academics, particularly those who have children, report a disproportionate reduction in time dedicated to research.
The impact of center-based childcare attendance on early child development: Evidence from the French Elfe cohort
This study estimates the impact of crèche attendance at age 1 on language, motor skills, and child behavior at age 2, using parent-reported data from the Étude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance (Elfe), a longitudinal cohort study following more than 18,000 French children from the time of their birth in 2011. The results indicate that in the short term, time spent in early collective care appears to benefit children’s language development but also have a negative influence on behaviour. Positive effects on language skills appear to be particularly concentrated among disadvantaged children, for whom there also appear to be no negative effects on behaviour. These findings suggest that an expansion of access to early collective care may have potential to contribute to decreasing early gaps in child well-being.
After the male breadwinner model? Childcare services and the division of labor in European countries.
Social Politics, February 2014
This article examines the conformity of child care service provisions in European welfare states to Fraser's four ideal typical models: male breadwinner, caregiver parity, universal breadwinner, and universal caregiver. It finds that there is resilience of traditional gender roles in the majority of European countries, and the different variants of the universal breadwinner shape different forms of childcare policies.
Child care in the news
CA: Privy Council Office polled Canadians on tax credits, cash subsidies for child care
Global News, 13 February 2021
CA: What’s at stake when women leave the workforce during COVID-19?
TVO.org, 10 February 2021
NS: Advocates say child care, not venture capital, the best way to invest in women
CBC News, 14 February 2021
NL: Some essential workers need child care, and can't get it, says child-care centre
CBC News, 15 February 2021
NL: More N.L. children get the OK for daycare, but providers, parents ask: where was the preparation?
CBC News, 16 February 2021
US: What President Biden's American rescue plan could mean for child care
Child Care Aware, 27 January 2021
BC: Pop-up child care showcase
Pacific Immigrant Resources Society
18 February 2021, 2:00 PM PST
A 90 minute panel presentation from leaders in BC’s child care sector, including the team at Pop-Up Child Care, a social enterprise launched by Pacific Immigrant Resources Society that provides on-demand, on-site, child care services and connects immigrant and refugee women with child care training and employment.
US: Webinar: A guide to reform using the 2020 Early Childhood Workforce Index
Center for the Study of Child Care Employment
24 February 2021, 9:00 AM PST
During this global pandemic, child care has been recognized as essential, yet most states have failed to enact policies to support and early educators themselves. Join the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment and guest speakers to learn how to use the new 2020 Early Childhood Workforce Index and take action to improve working conditions for educators and strengthen our ECE system for children and families.