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Weekly newsletter of the Childcare Resource and Research Unit  13/01/21


QC: I have worked in Quebec's daycares for 18 years, but I can't hold on much longer
CBC News, 10 January 2021

Can we belong in a neo-liberal world? Neo-liberalism in early childhood education and care policy in Australia and New Zealand
Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood, 2018
This article considers the impact of neoliberal policies on early childhood education and care in Australia and New Zealand, especially in relation to understandings and manifestations of ‘belonging’. The authors trace the impact of neoliberalism in ECEC policy and examine the ways in which the discourse of early childhood education and care provision has changed, both in policy and in how the market makes its appeal to parents as consumers. The authors argue that appeals to narrowly defined, individualized self-interest and advancement threaten understandings of belonging based on social solidarity and interdependence.

Research, policy and practice

A matter of universalism? Rationalities of access in Finnish early childhood education and care
Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy, 1 Oct 2020
Drawing on the interviews with administrators of ECEC services in ten municipalities in Finland, this paper analyzes the rationalities and preconditions at the local policy level for access to ECEC among four year old children. This examination brings new perspectives to the wider socio-political discourses concerning universal access to ECEC. The findings suggest that local enactments of national ECEC policies might construct barriers related to the acceptability of the use of services.

Inclusive practice and quality of education and care in the Dutch hybrid early childhood education and care system
International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy, 8 January 2021
The study examines how in the Dutch hybrid early education and care system, child care organizations respond to the public task of supporting inclusion and equity in an increasingly diverse society. The study applies cluster analysis on the organizational characteristics of a nationally representative sample of 117 centres providing education and care for 0 to 4 year old children, and found socially engaged (for-profit and not-for-profit) professional organizations served proportionally more children from low-socioeconomic status and immigrant families, provided higher quality to these children, and were culturally more inclusive than both market-orientated and traditional professional-bureaucratic organizations. The findings are discussed in relation to how hybrid ECEC systems can be governed to optimally serve the public goals of inclusion and equity.

Examining the tensions between cultural models of care in family childcare and quality rating improvement systems
Children and Youth Services Review, 5 January 2021
This paper describes how family child care (FCC) programs have been increasingly targeted by quality improvement efforts such as Quality Improvement Rating Systems although these efforts often fail to align quality supports with the unique needs and interests of this population. This study examines the aspirations, strengths, challenges, and professional development needs of FCC providers in California who identify as immigrants or/and refugees and finds these providers describe cultural models of care related to love and affection, family, community, cultural continuity and teaching as care. In focus groups, refugee and immigrant FCC providers also describe challenges working with regulatory bodies and QRIS systems. Findings draws attention to the macro-systemic contexts of racism, poverty, the immigrant and refugee experience, and the universal standards of quality embodied by quality rating improvement systems.

The effect of expanded parental benefits on union dissolution
Journal of Marriage and Family, 11 January 2021
This Canadian study examines whether gender equality‐focused parental benefits affect the union stability of heterogeneous couples. Using Canadian administrative data, it estimates difference‐in‐differences and local average treatment effects to examine the effects of the Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP 2006) on union dissolution. The study finds that that QPIP decreased the separation rate by half of a percentage point overall, a 6% decrease, and that the greatest reductions in union dissolution occurred in couples likely to be more egalitarian in orientation.

Child care in the news 

ON: Ontario expands free child care to front line workers
CBC News, 9 January 2021

ON: Open letter highlighting no recognition for Early Childhood Educators
Kitchener Today, 9 Jan 2021

MB: Child care desert persists in the northwest
Winnipeg Free Press, 8 Jan 2021
MB: Low-wage workers, women hit hardest by pandemic economy 
Winnipeg Free Press, 9 January 2021

BC: Metro Vancouver looks to build child care facilities in housing projects even without provincial funding
The Georgia Straight, 7 Jan 2021

US: Focusing on America’s child care crisis could help Democrats win the next election
Vox, 8 Jan 2021

US: ‘The workforce behind the workforce’: Confronting Colorado’s critical child care staffing shortage
CPR News, 5 Jan 2021

IE: Resumption of the pre-school programme postponed and childcare services to remain open for the children of essential workers and vulnerable children only, until 1 February
Government of Ireland, 12 January 2021

Online Documents Catalogue on the CRRU websiteThe CRRU email newsletter, sent out weekly to a subscribed list, lists new policy documents and news articles added to the website that week. These become part of the website’s Online Document Catalogue of ECEC-pertinent resources. 
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