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Our IEU MONITORING headlines today:

# CYBER SECURITY

EU Commission Public consultation on the evaluation and review of the European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA)

Communications Networks - Content & Technology, [Information Society]

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Published on 18/01/2017

ENISA is the Agency of the European Union tasked with contributing to the enhancement of the overall level of cybersecurity of the EU and its Member States. This consultation kicks off the review of ENISA, whose current mandate will come to an end in 2020. The European Commission welcomes the views of all interested stakeholders on ENISA's past performances, as well as on a possible revision of its mandate in view of new challenges the EU faces in the cybersecurity field. The consultation is open until 12 April 2017.

Date: From 18/01/2017 to 12/04/2017

Purpose

The European Union Agency for Network and Information Security (ENISA) was set up in 2004 to contribute to the overall goal of ensuring a high level of network and information security within the EU. Its current objectives, mandate and tasks were set by the new ENISA's Regulation in 2013 for a seven year period, until 2020.

The Commission is required by ENISA's Regulation to conduct an evaluation of ENISA’s activities by June 2018. In view of the rapid evolution of the EU cybersecurity and digital privacy landscape, both on the threat and policy side, the Commission has brought forward the ENISA evaluation and will review its Regulation as part of its 2017 Work Programme.

The evaluation and review of ENISA offer the opportunity to help shape one element of the next stage of EU response to cyber threats.

The results of this public consultation will feed the ex post evaluation of ENISA for the period 2013-2016 and will serve as input to prepare the ground for a possible revision of the Agency’s mandate.

Duration

The Consultation opens 18 January 2017 and closes 12 April 2017 (12 weeks).

Comments received after the closing date will not be considered.

Transparency

In the interest of transparency, organisations (e.g. NGOs and businesses) are invited to provide the public with relevant information about themselves by registering in the Transparency Register and subscribing to its Code of Conduct. If you are a registered organisation, please indicate the name of your organisation and your Register ID number, in your contribution. Your contribution will then be considered as representing the views of your organisation. If your organisation is not registered, you have the opportunity to register now. After registering your organisation, please return to this page to submit your contribution as a registered organisation. Responses from organisations not registered will be considered as those of individuals and publish them under that heading.

We will publish all contributions on the Commission website and your answers will be accessible by the public. This is a necessary part of a public consultation. It is important that you read the privacy statement attached to this consultation for information on how your personal data and contribution will be dealt with.

How to respond

Please access the online questionnaire.

Please read carefully the background note.

The questionnaire is only available in English, but you can submit your contribution in any EU official language.

You may pause any time and continue later. You can download a copy of your contribution once you have submitted it.

Only responses received through the online questionnaire will be taken into account and included in the report summarising the responses, exception being made for the visually impaired. Questionnaires sent by email, on paper, or in other formats will not be analysed.

Accessibility for the visually impaired

We shall accept questionnaires by email or post in paper format from the visually impaired and their representative organisations: download the questionnaire

Email us and attach your reply as Word, PDF or ODF document

Or

Write to

European Commission
DG Communication networks, content & technology
Unit H1 – Cybersecurity and Digital Privacy
25 Avenue Beaulieu
Brussels 1049 - Belgium

Replies & feedback

We shall publish an analysis of the results of the consultation on this page one month after the consultation closes.

Protection of personal data

For transparency purposes, all the responses to the present consultation will be made public.

Please read the Specific privacy statement on how we deal with your personal data and contribution.

See also: Press release and factsheet (PDF).

See also: 

Related Documents:  Contact: 

Being smart about cybersecurity: ENISA at Omnisecure conference - ENISA

ENISA participated this year in a number of sessions throughout the conference in the areas of National Cyber Security Strategies (NCSS), the NIS Directive, the Payment Service Directive (PSD2). The Agency also related these areas to other policy areas through its approach to Cybersecurity Stakeholders and EU cooperation, taking into account the financial impact on the various actors.

ENISA’s key role in NCSS include leveraging existing knowledge and expertise the area, assisting the MS in evaluating current strategies and the development of new. Furthermore the agency promotes EU cooperation through the CSIRTS network and the EU Cooperation Group on NIS. The agency also assists EOS and DSPs on the smooth implementation of the NIS Directive. 

Smart areas studied by ENISA this past year include automotive cyber security, putting forward specific recommendations for the cyber security and resilience of smart cars, and the launch of the CaRSEC (Cars and Roads SECurity) expert group. The Agency has produced a study on securing smart airports as a guide to airport decision makers and airport information security professionals.  The study aims to provide airport operators with a start-up kit to enhance cybersecurity in smart airports, identifies gaps in different areas, and future steps to enhance cybersecurity in the field.

In the finance sector ENISA has looked into the most used payment applications to identify good practices and help the industry in secure mobile payment applications. A report on blockchain looks into the cyber security benefits and challenges of the technology taking into account the most promising implementations and use cases.

In the area of privacy, ENISA has developed the ‘PETs control matrix’ which works as an assessment framework and tool for the systematic presentation and evaluation of online and mobile privacy tools for end users.

Other relevant studies and recommendations by ENISA on the themes of the conference include securing smart homes, secure adoption of cloud for Governments, smart transport and smart cities.

More about Omnisecure and event images

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ENISA report on blockchain technology and security

Blockchain is a distributed ledger which maintains all transactions and assets and is updated by a number of counterparties. Financial institutions are investing in the technology - in what is hoped - to automate processes and remove “human” errors. This may help towards lowering transactional and operational costs by releasing the finance sector from its legacy systems.

A World Economic Forum[1] report reveals that over one billion euros are invested in blockchain technology startups. Despite the potential cost savings, it remains important to assess what the security implications of Blockchain implementations might be.

ENISA analysed the technology and identified security benefits, challenges and good practices. The report identifies that some principles used in the security of traditional systems and in blockchain, such as key management and encryption, are still largely the same.  There are however new challenges that the technology brings, like consensus hijacking and smart contract management. Additionally, it highlights that public and private ledger implementations will face different sets of challenges.

To secure business information whilst leveraging blockchain technology, financial institutions should seek to adopt best practices which allow them to:

  • monitor internal activity
  • automate regulatory compliance
  • disclose information only to relevant counterparts and authorities
  • adopt industry level governance procedures which will facilitate the updating of ledger implementations over time
Udo Helmbrecht, Executive Director of ENISA, said: “Cyber security should be considered as a key element in the Blockchain implementation by financial institutions.

ENISA held a workshop in October to validate the results of its study. The agency will remain active in providing awareness on the cyber security challenges in new technologies and continue its work in the finance sector as part of its mandate in the protection of critical information infrastructures. In the context of the NIS directive[2] and the Payment Services Directive ENISA works with ECB and EBA in addressing incident reporting and minimum security measures in the finance sector.

Full report here
 

# CONNECTIVITY

EP Draft opinion - Promotion of Internet connectivity in local communities - PE 597.451v01-00 - Committee on Regional Development

DRAFT OPINION on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EU) No 1316/2013 and (EU) No 283/2014 as regards the promotion of Internet connectivity in local communities

Committee on Regional Development
Rosa D'Amato

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP

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# AVMS-D

EP Opinion - Coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services in view of changing market realities - PE 589.491v02-00 - Committee on Legal Affairs

OPINION on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2010/13/EU on the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services in view of changing market realities

Committee on Legal Affairs

Daniel Buda

Source : © European Union, 2017 - EP

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European advertising industry: Advertising delivers powerful economic benefits across the EU

New report finds that every Euro spent on advertising powers a seven-fold boost to GDP, encourages innovation, supports employment and helps fund vital services

European advertising industry calls for moratorium on further advertising restrictions to ensure associated hidden costs can be assessed

Value of advertising_Infographic

The first-ever EU-wide report to isolate the economic and social contribution of advertising highlights its ability to drive economic growth across the EU.

Value of Advertising, an independent study by Deloitte, has identified a multitude of benefits generated by advertising, to the overall economy, jobs and to civil society.

Using econometric modelling, the study, which was commissioned by the World Federation of Advertisers and other industry partners, found that advertising contributed nearly 6m jobs across the EU and 4.6% of total GDP.

The study identified three key areas where advertising provided direct or indirect benefits to European economies and citizens:

Economic benefits: Every Euro spent on advertising is estimated to add an additional seven Euros to GDP. This means that the EUR 92 billion spent on advertising in 2014 in the EU would have contributed EUR 643 billion to GDP, representing 4.6% of the overall EU GDP.

The study found that advertising contributes to the wider economy through its ability to support competitiveness, providing consumers with information on products and services, and helps to increase their choice of goods and services. This, in turn, drives innovation by incentivising businesses to create differentiated products and services, allowing them to out-compete their competitors not just in the EU but around the world.

Employment benefits: Advertising provides almost six million jobs in the EU, equivalent to 2.6% of all EU employment. These come in three areas:

  • Firstly, people employed directly in the production of advertising. These jobs account for 16% of the 5.8m total jobs supported by advertising. The study excludes employment associated with in-house production of advertising, so this is a conservative number.
  • Secondly, jobs created in media and online businesses that are funded by advertising, including journalists and content producers as well as people working in out-of-home (OOH) or television, for example. This accounts for 10% of the 5.8m jobs. These roles have both greater job security and an average salary that is higher than seen in the rest of the economy.
  • Finally, there are jobs created in the wider economy as a consequence of advertising activity. These range from sales jobs to roles supporting the ad business in industries such as hospitality. This area also includes roles created by the advertising-stimulated demand for products and services. It accounts for 74% of the 5.8m jobs.

Social Benefits: Advertising provides personal and social benefits by funding or part funding media services. Advertising ensures that EU citizens benefit from news, entertainment and communications tools at a reduced cost or even for free. The €92bn spent on advertising in 2014 directly funded content of all kinds.

Outdoor advertising also provides additional civic benefits in the form of an improved urban environment while search engines help people to reduce both the time and financial cost of seeking new information.

Without advertising, funding for all sorts of media would be reduced. This could lead TV to be increasingly based on subscription, reduced newspapers and magazines’ plurality and independence, and radio stations would lack the ability to provide news and entertainment throughout the day. In addition, professional sports and cultural events would need to seek financial support from another source.

Online, advertising largely funds free services that people across Europe use at little or no cost. For example, around 70% of EU citizens regularly use email services, while social media are accessed extremely widely.

The European ad industry is calling for a moratorium on further restrictions on advertising to ensure that the overall impact of any new rules, including their unintended consequences, is fully assessed. Right now, the industry is concerned that the revised Audio Visual Media Services and ePrivacy directives will create additional restrictions, hurting the European digital economy and reducing its potential to create local champions and more jobs.

Research funded by members of the European advertising industry:

Advertising Association UK (AA), Association des Agences-Conseils en Communication (AACC), Association of European Radios (AER), European Association of Communications Agencies (EACA), European Broadcasting Union (EBU), The Association of television and radio sales houses (EGTA), Internet Advertising Bureau EU (IAB EU), Mainostajat Finland, Organisation Werbungtreibende im Markenverband (OWM), Union des Annonceurs (UDA), Union des Entreprises de Conseil et Achat Media (UDECAM), The World Federation of Advertisers (WFA)


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# ROBOTICS

Robotikbericht im Rechtsausschuss abgestimmt -  EU-Abgeordneter Albrecht (Die Grünen)

Der Rechtsausschuss des Europäischen Parlaments hat am 12. Januar 2017 den Bericht zu zivilrechtlichen Regelungen im Bereich Robotik abgestimmt. Darin wird die Europäische Kommission aufgefordert, Robotik zu regulieren, um zu verhindern, dass die EU der realen Entwicklung hinterherhinkt. Die Grünen sind mit dem Ergebnis der Abstimmung zufrieden. Eine konsolidierte Version des Texts liegt in Kürze vor.

Die Plenarabstimmungist für den 15. Februar 2017 geplant. Neben einem Rechtsrahmen für Roboter, sind auch die Frage der Haftbarkeit und die Einführung einer Pflichtversicherung für "große" Roboter Teil des Berichts. Auch eine Änderung unserer Sozialversicherungssysteme und sozialpolitischen Finanztransferkonzepte wird Erwägung gezogen. Hier mehr erfahren ...

Grüne Position: Papier der Digital Working Group zu Robotik und künstlicher Intelligenz  (PDF, englisch), Zehn wichtigste Punkte

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# BIG DATA

Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure join NSF’s Big Data Program

Link

January 17, 2017

The National Science Foundation (NSF) announces the participation of cloud providers, including Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google, and Microsoft, in its flagship research program on big data, Critical Techniques, Technologies and Methodologies for Advancing Foundations and Applications of Big Data Sciences and Engineering (BIGDATA). AWS, Google, and Microsoft will provide cloud credits/resources to qualifying NSF-funded projects, enabling researchers to obtain access to state-of-the-art cloud resources.

The BIGDATA program involves multiple directorates at NSF, as well as the Office of Financial Research (OFR), and anticipates funding up to $26.5 million, subject to availability of funds, in Fiscal Year (FY) 2017. Additionally, AWS, Google, and Microsoft will provide up to $9 million (up to $3 million each) in the form of cloud credits/resources for projects funded through this solicitation.

This novel collaboration combines NSF’s experience in developing and managing successful large, diverse research portfolios with the cloud providers’ proven track records in state-of-the-art, on-demand, cloud computing. It also builds upon the shared interests of NSF and the cloud providers to accelerate progress in research and innovation in big data and data science—pivotal areas that are expected to result in tremendous growth for the U.S. economy.

The BIGDATA program encourages experimentation with real datasets; demonstration of the scalability of approaches; and development of evaluation plans that include evaluation of scalability and performance among competing methods on benchmark datasets—all of which will require significant storage, compute, and networking resources, which can be provided by the cloud vendors through their participation. 

Proposals requesting cloud credits/resources must adhere to a 70:30 split between NSF funding and cloud resources, respectively, and must not request less than $100,000 for cloud requests. Thus, if a project requests $700,000 in NSF funds, then it may request a maximum of $300,000 in cloud credits/resources from one of AWS, Google, or Microsoft, or a minimum of $100,000. This minimum budget requirement underscores  key objectives of the BIGDATA program, which include supporting experimentation with data and studying data scaling issues.

Proposal submissions are due March 15, 2017 through March 22, 2017 (and no later than 5 p.m. submitter’s local time on March 22nd).  All those interested in submitting a proposal to the BIGDATA program should refer to the solicitation for details. All proposals that meet NSF requirements will be reviewed through NSF’s merit review process. For proposals that request cloud resources, reviewers will additionally be asked to evaluate: (1) the appropriateness of the requested use; (2) whether the specific use of cloud resources has been adequately justified through an annual usage plan; and (3) the estimate of the amount of resources needed and the corresponding resource request budget (in dollars). The requests for cloud resources should not only include resources required for the experimentation phase, but also for usage over the duration of the project (e.g., software development and testing and code debugging).

We are excited to offer this opportunity and look forward to the response of the national big data and data science research community!
 

10 Critical Insights for Democratising the Data Revolution - Open Knowledge International Blog

This week marks the launch of the first-ever UN World Data Forum, aimed at bringing together data experts and sustainable development leaders. Danny Lämmerhirt shares findings from a new research series on citizen-generated data, how it can be used to monitor and drive change for sustainable development, and why this matters for civil society.

With the advent of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and evaluation of progress around the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), actions around sustainability have increasingly centred around data collection, monitoring, and key indicators. The United Nations called for a data revolution – tapping into the vast trove of existing and emerging data sources – in order to prevent the marginalised and most vulnerable from being hidden behind national average numbers. 

This is a major step forward to promote concerted efforts around sustainability on an international stage. It acknowledges the role of information to change the way we live. But it leaves the questions open on how nation-wide monitoring can be translated into local action. How can the data revolution drive progress around sustainability? Will it foreground the issues that matter to the most vulnerable and marginalised?

The role of data for sustainable development

Data is not only a mere camera to look unto the world. By determining what is measured and how, data writes a certain story–and leaves out many others that could be written. Citizens and civil society increasingly recognise the value that data holds in tackling the issues affecting our lives – whether they are collecting evidence on oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico, running surveys to understand the satisfaction of local communities with health facilities, or challenging existing statistics about politicised topics.

“Citizens and civil society increasingly recognise the value that data holds to tackle the issues affecting our lives…”

These projects prove the need for, what Jonathan Gray calls, a democratised data revolution – enabling citizens to ‘read’ and understand governance issues, providing them with evidence to engage with politics, or sparking their imagination to design and implement a solution to a problem.

Research series on Citizen-Generated Data can be found here.

This blogpost seeks to broaden our imagination of the role of data for sustainable development and provoke thinking on how to democratise the data revolution. Open Knowledge International teamed up with the DataShift to understand how citizens and civil society can create their own data to foreground the problems that matter most to them, and to directly monitor, demand or drive change on issues affecting them.

The series discusses three topics: Our first research piece sheds light on the incentives to produce citizen-generated data. The second research piece dives into the question how citizens generate data to inform decision-making and drive sustainability. If and how citizen data can be linked to the Sustainable Development Goals was subject of research piece three.

What follows is a list of ten provocations for a sustainability agenda that reflects the needs of civil society inspired by our research.

10 Critical Insights for Democratising the Data Revolution

1. Data needs to resonate with human problems, perceptions, and knowledge, to drive sustainability

In order to progress sustainability, support decision-making, and trigger action, the problems facing different stakeholders need to be well understood. Stakeholders have different priorities, values, or responsibilities, and are affected differently by an issue. Some actors may lack the literacy, knowledge, time, or interest to engage with complicated data.

Civic initiatives are most successful if they understand these nuances, and translate their data into digestible, easily understandable, and relevant messages. We observed that citizen-generated data transports the issue into other people’s minds by using a common framing, a narrative, or a story that resonates with other people’s priorities. Some case studies showed that the SDGs can be a useful common framing for collaboration between citizens, civil society, government, and the private sector –  enabling buy-in from decision-makers, funding, or other support for the cause of a civic project.

2. We must be more sensitive to figuring out which types of information is most useful for different types of decision-making

Of paramount importance are questions around what type of information is most useful and for whom. National government bodies may be responsible for allocating money to regions for water-point construction. Responsibility for their maintenance may reside with local districts. While the national government needs comparative data across regions to allocate infrastructure investments, local districts need hyperlocal water-point information.

The main purpose of the SDGs is to advance progress on sustainable development, which first and foremost requires action. However, the main focus lies on how to monitor actions on a national scale. A democratised data revolution would be more sensitive towards the data needed to enhance action at different geographic scales – but particularly on a local scale, in the realm of the everyday, where sustainable actions eventually have to be enrolled. It would start with the question which collaborations and governance arrangements are required to tackle which kinds of problems, and what data is needed to do so.

3. A democratised data revolution understands the vast array of actions needed to drive sustainability.

Citizen-generated data can inform diverse types of human decision-making that go beyond monitoring. Besides agenda setting and the flagging of problems, citizen-generated data can inspire citizens to design their own solutions. It can also give citizens the literacy to ‘read’ and understand governance issues and thereby provide confidence to engage with politics. Sometimes data can be used to directly implement a solution to a problem.

Citizen-generated data can directly steer behaviour and enable better actions by giving stakeholders relevant information to enable actions. It can also help taking decisions, or rewarding certain actions as performance indicators do. The value of citizen-generated data is fairly broad and depends largely on the issue it is used for and the individuals, groups, organisations, and networks using it.

4. National Statistics Offices are important for national monitoring – but actual action towards sustainable development is born on the shoulders of strong collaborations between governments, civil society, and others.

Given the holistic nature of sustainable development, achieving the SDGs requires concerted efforts. Projects working with citizen-generated data are exemplary for cross-sectoral collaborations. They often bring together actors from government, the private sector, and civil society, all of which have very different interests in the same data. Different actors can value different aspects of the data; understanding how actors perceive this value is key to build multi-stakeholder partnerships.

The right degree of participation is essential to manage collaborations: Should citizens or policy-makers be engaged in the definition of data? How does this affect the credibility of data and buy-in? Who should be engaged in the dissemination of findings? Does the project benefit collaborate with a ‘knowledge broker’ like an experienced advocacy group, a university, or a newspaper?

5. A democratised data revolution has a user-centric vision of data quality.

The SDGs argue that data needs to be accurate, reliable, disaggregated, and timely to be useable for SDG monitoring. Often citizen-generated data is refuted as lacking representativity and accuracy, or as not meeting other features of ‘good quality data’. This is only partly true: In practice, data is of ‘good quality’ if it is fit for purpose. If data shall drive action on the ground it often needs to match with the action at hand. Long-term monitoring needs reliable, accurate, and standardised data.

Setting the agenda for a formerly unknown issue may require a citizen-generated data project to build trust, and to ensure credibility. Some projects might need to produce highly disaggregated data, other tasks only require rough indications of trends. Successful citizen-generated data projects embrace these nuances instead of refuting data. It does not mean that methodological rigour is irrelevant for citizen-generated data. The opposite is the case. Data should be thoughtfully designed in order to address specific tasks and to respond to more ‘human criteria’ of data quality like issues of trust. What matters is that citizens collect data in a systematic way that demonstrates how the data was collected, and processed in the first place.

6. A democratised data revolution embraces the value of ‘soft data’.

Different types of data have different usefulness. The term ‘data’ itself seems to suggest a very narrow notion of numbers, figures, and statistics. Actors involved in policy-making seem to prefer ‘hard’ evidence (e.g. quantitative data from researchers and government agencies) over ‘soft’ evidence (e.g. narrative texts, personal perceptions, or autobiographical material). The soft evidence is often neglected,  in favour of numbers which become a main argumentative device. Debates around the data revolution or sustainable development data should not gloss over the fact that narrative texts, individual perceptions, interviews, images or video footage all count as ‘data’ – which might be best understood broadly as a building block of human knowledge, decision-making, and action.

In observed case studies, we found that soft data residing in written reports sparked investigations, guided civil society to spot the facts in official government documents and flag issues. In other cases, personal perceptions gave contextual information on why high-level policies succeeded or failed. A fixation on numbers is likely to hamper the quality of policy-making. Soft evidence, such as personal qualitative stories (including from marginalised groups), should, therefore, be more readily considered in policy decisions.

7. Passive monitoring, analysing, and visualising will not help to tackle sustainable development – targeted engagement strategies are needed.

Targeted engagement strategies do not end with publishing reports or visualising data online. Instead, the engagement methods need to be suitable for individual stakeholders and often involve public hearings, educational meetings with local decision-makers, on-site visits with decision makers, hackathons, or others. The engagement strategies should fit with the desired change, be it to change policies, perceptions, or individual behaviour.

8. Citizen-generated data provides contextual information around an SDG indicator and can prevent silo thinking

Given, that a fair amount of citizen-generated data projects is grounded in sub-national contexts, it can provide a baseline to understand (the absence of) progress around the SDGs. For instance, citizen-generated data projects working on disaster risk reduction may conduct hazard risk mapping, indicating local vulnerabilities to environmental disaster. The maps can be a baseline used to understand the outcomes of natural disasters. In other cases, citizens can collect data that is relevant across SDGs. In this way, citizen-generated data can contribute to preventing silo-thinking. For instance, data on land acquisition may be usable to understand gender-disaggregated land ownership, as well as the amount of arable land.

9. A democratised data revolution needs trust and credibility if it is to leverage the voices of the marginalised

Emerging data sources and practices put into question the monopoly of established data producers and routines. Big data, small data, citizen science, or social media are all examples of a reconfiguration how data becomes trustworthy information. Citizen-generated data can be leveraged to build trust with different communities, but a lack of official recognition or credibility can hamper uptake. What is needed is a culture of openness among governments, high-level decision-makers, and others towards emerging data sources that are not administered by established data producers.

10. The politics of data are crucial – a democratised data revolution acknowledges that some data does not represent sterile facts, but matters of concern.

The very process of creating data is born out of priorities over what to measure and how. The same applies to citizen-generated data which is intended to be a direct reflection of citizen’s issues. Sometimes citizens might want to highlight the magnitude of a problem and scale their data production across local regions. In order to scale citizen-generated data projects, collective data standards can be developed to render citizen-generated data comparable – sometimes at the expense of evening out local differences between data. A democratised data revolution would be more attuned to the political processes behind standardisation and would embrace the fact that sustainable development will not solely be built on one-size-fits-all solutions.

You can find all three reports on Citizen-Generated Data on the DataShift website.

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# DSM

Deutsch-Italienische Wirtschaftskonferenz: Vorfahrt für Digitalisierung und Investitionen

Bundesminister Gabriel und sein italienischer Amtskollege Calenda laden heute zur Deutsch-Italienischen Wirtschaftskonferenz. Thema der Konferenz ist "Potenziale der Digitalisierung für Unternehmen nutzen - in unsere Zukunft investieren". Neben Bundeskanzlerin Dr. Angela Merkel und dem italienischen Ministerpräsidenten Paolo Gentiloni nehmen über 220 hochrangige Vertreterinnen und Vertreter von Unternehmen und von öffentlichen Institutionen an der Konferenz teil.

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# PSI

Latest Updates on Public Sector Information

# INTERNET GOVERNANCE

Internet Governance Week in Brussels, 23-25 January 2017 - The Digital Single Market Blog 

by Pearse O'donohue 

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2016 was the year of major developments, with direct impact on global internet governance discussions. 2017 promises to be a significant year as well, find out more at the Internet Governance Week 2017.

Let's have a look at what last year meant for Internet Governance!

Firstly, the contract between the US government and ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) governing a key technical function (IANA) of the Domain Name System expired in October. The oversight role carried out until then by the US government through this contract has been transferred to the global internet community through a series of new mechanisms introduced via ICANN Bylaws.  This was something the EU had long been calling for. What it means in practice is that, rather than being contracted to one single country, ICANN is now directly accountable to the global Internet community. This is made of a wide mix of stakeholders – from technical experts and business to governments, civil society and academia.

2016 closed with the first Internet Governance Forum  (IGF) meeting following the extension of its mandate for 10 years by the United Nations General Assembly. The IGF took place in Guadalajara (Mexico) on 6-9 December, with the theme "Enabling Inclusive and Sustainable Growth". A large delegation of Members of the European Parliament participated, and they advocated strongly for "clear rules and respect for rights and liberties on the Internet" (see press statement).

In the EU, major developments of direct relevance for internet governance and policy included the entry into force of the first ever EU rules on net neutrality (protecting the right of every European to access internet content without discrimination). Another milestone was the adoption of the first EU-wide legislation on cybersecurity (the Network and Information Security Directive). The Commission proposed several legislative initiates to developing the Digital Single Market, including on the reform of the copyright system. In parallel, the European Commission has worked with social media companies on the creation of a Code of Conduct on hate speech online.

All these issues were extensively discussed at the European Dialogue on Internet Governance (EuroDIG) that was held in Brussels in June. Have a look at the outcome document: Messages from Brussels.

The intensification of internet governance activities both on the international front and in the EU does not come as a surprise, given the importance of this extraordinary technology. The internet opens new and exciting opportunities but it also raises challenges.

In 2017, discussions will continue on the many still unresolved or contentious issues. In the face of rising worrying phenomena such as cybercrime, hate speech and fake news, stakeholders have to engage in complex discussions on issues such as the interplay of privacy, data protection, freedom of expression, security, the fight against criminal and illegal activities, as well as the jurisdictional challenges posed by the cross-border nature of the internet.  At the same time the internet is in continuous evolution: the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, disruptive business models based on the Internet, blockchain technologies.

In these discussions, it is imperative to have a clear vision of the Internet that we want for ourselves and especially for future generations. This is why the European Commission has launched an ambitious initiative called Next Generation Internet (NGI), with the aim to deliver an Internet that holds people and their needs at its core.

2017 internet governance week, taking place in Brussels, aims to raise more awareness of these discussions and make them as inclusive as possible, as well as to understand what are the key values and principles the EU stands for.

On 23 January, experts for the Member States will gather for a meeting of the "High Level Group on Internet governance". The meeting includes an open, multistakeholder session in the afternoon. Participants will have the opportunity to exchange views on Internet governance issues. Topics on the agenda include: ongoing ICANN processes, IGF follow-up, and an update on the Global Internet Policy Observatory. For info and registration, please contact CNECT-HLIG@ec.europa.eu

On 24 January, experts from the technical community will gather with governments and regulators in a dedicated Roundtable organised by RIPE NCC, to discuss issues such as accountability of all actors in the internet governance ecosystem, as well as the security challenges facing the industry and the practical strategies to address them. RIPE NCC is one of the five Regional Internet Registries in the world that distributes Internet number resources and provides registration services and coordination activities for Europe and the Middle East Region. For more information visit the webpage.

On the same day, MEPs will discuss how open service platforms can be catalysers for economic opportunities and jobs with business and other stakeholder service platforms. The main focus will be on how Europe can achieve a global leadership role in the emerging industrial Internet. You can learn more on the European Internet Forum website.

On 25 January, the European Internet Forum will host a breakfast debate on the IGF meeting to exchange views on the next steps.

Also on 25 January, DG Connect will hold a web-streamed information session on the Next Generation Internet (NGI) Initiative. Find out more about NGI and check out the details of the info session.

All this gives us an energetic start to the year and I am confident that European stakeholders will maintain their commitment to keep the internet open and working smoothly. We will all work together to find solutions for the challenges ahead.
 

# CYBER GROOMING

CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion: Schutz von Kindern im Netz erhöhen - Versuch von Cybergrooming endlich bestrafen

Link

Beim Fachgespräch am gestrigen Dienstag des Unabhängigen Beauftragten für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs wurde die Expertise „Sexualisierte Grenzverletzungen und Gewalt mittels digitaler Medien“ vorgestellt. Hierzu erklärt die rechtspolitische Sprecherin der CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion Elisabeth Winkelmeier-Becker:

„Es kann nicht sein, dass beim sogenannten Cybergrooming ein Täter nicht zur Rechenschaft gezogen werden kann, wenn der Täter versehentlich nur ein Elternteil oder einen Polizeibeamten statt eines Kindes erreicht. Auch ist nicht nachvollziehbar, dass der Besitzer von Kinderpornographie geringer bestraft wird als beispielsweise ein Ladendieb. Die Union fordert daher seit Jahren die Erhöhung des Strafrahmens für den Besitz bzw. für die Besitzverschaffung von kinderpornographischen Schriften und die Einführung der Versuchsstrafbarkeit beim sogenannten Cybergrooming, da uns der Schutz von Kindern ein wichtiges Anliegen ist. Bisher scheitert die Umsetzung allerdings an unserem Koalitionspartner.

Das gestrige Fachgespräch des Unabhängigen Beauftragten für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs hat uns insoweit bestätigt. Die gestern vorgestellten Empfehlungen beinhalten die langjährigen Forderungen der Union: Gefordert wird in der Expertise unter anderem die „Versuchsstrafbarkeit für gängige Täterstrategien im Bereich des sogenannten Cybergroomings“ sowie die Erhöhung des Strafrahmens für den Besitz der Kinderpornographie.

Für uns ist es wichtig, dass der Gesetzgeber alles unternimmt, um sogenanntes Cybergrooming – also Handlungen von Erwachsenen, die sich im Internet insbesondere als Kinder ausgeben, um sexuelle Kontakte zu Kindern und Jugendlichen zu knüpfen – zu verhindern. Mit dem im November 2014 verabschiedeten Gesetz „zur Änderung des Strafgesetzbuches – Umsetzung europäischer Vorgaben zum Sexualstrafrecht“ wurde die Strafbarkeit des „Cybergroomings“ zwar auf alle Formen der modernen Kommunikation ausgedehnt. Dies war nach Ansicht der Union aber zu wenig. Die Union forderte bereits damals die Einführung einer Versuchsstrafbarkeit bei Cybergooming. Dann wäre es bereits strafbar, wenn der Täter fälschlicherweise annimmt, dass er ein Kind im Internet in sexueller Absicht anspricht; tatsächlich aber mit einem Polizeibeamten oder den Eltern chattet, die sich als Kind ausgegeben haben. In derartigen Fallkonstellationen weist der Täter nachweislich die erforderliche kriminelle Energie auf, um sich mit einem Kind zu verabreden. Es ist dann nur eine Frage des Zufalls, ob der Täter - wie beabsichtigt - Kontakt zu einem Kind aufnimmt, um ein persönliches Treffen vorzubereiten und dies zu einem sexuellen Missbrauch zu nutzen, oder ob er zunächst an einen Erwachsenen gerät. Bereits in diesem Stadium ist ein strafwürdiges Verhalten gegeben, das eine Strafbarkeit des Versuchs rechtfertigt.

Von Experten wurde uns schon vor Jahren eindrücklich geschildert, dass eine solche Versuchsstrafbarkeit die Ermittlungsmöglichkeiten zur Überführung solcher Täter und die Chancen auf Verhinderung weiterer Taten maßgeblich steigern und damit auch präventiv wirken würde. Nur bei einer Strafbarkeit des Versuchs könnte in diesen Fällen ein Ermittlungsverfahren mit weiteren Optionen zur Überführung des Täters eingeleitet werden. Diese Erkenntnisse wurden auch gestern bestätigt.

In Bezug auf die Strafbarkeit des Besitzes kinderpornographischer Schriften hatten wir auch vor Jahren bereits die Erhöhung des Strafrahmens für den Besitz und die Besitzverschaffung von kinderpornographischen Schriften auf mindestens bis zu fünf Jahre gefordert. Eine derartige Erhöhung ist einerseits wegen der hohen Schutzwürdigkeit von Kindern erforderlich. Zudem würde die Erhöhung des Strafrahmens – wie gestern auch erörtert worden ist – weitere prozessuale Möglichkeiten eröffnen wie beispielsweise Telefonüberwachung oder die Speicherung von Verbindungsdaten.

Wir hoffen nun, dass auch Bundesminister Maas die Expertise zur Kenntnis nimmt und kurzfristig einen entsprechenden Gesetzentwurf vorlegt.“

# CREATIVE INDUSTRIES

Lords debates creative industries - Peers discuss impact of EU withdrawal on sector

VISIT WEBSITE

18 January 2017

Members of the Lords, including the governor of the National Film and Television School and the chair of Penguin Random House, will debate the impact of Britain’s planned withdrawal from the EU on the creative industries sector, in the House of Lords on Thursday 19 January.

This is a balloted debate. They normally take place on a Thursday in the chamber. During debates, members are able to put their experience to good use, discussing current issues and drawing the government's attention to concerns.

The debate was proposed by Lord Clement-Jones (Liberal Democrat), former head of legal services for London Weekend Television.

Members expected to take part include:

  • Baroness Benjamin (Liberal Democrat), governor of the National Film and Television School
  • Earl of Clancarty (Crossbench), artist and vice-chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Art, Craft and Design in Education
  • Baroness Rebuck (Labour), co-founder of Century Publishing and chair of Penguin Random House
  • Lord Suri (Conservative), member of the Friends of Shakespeare's Globe
  • Lord Wigley (Plaid Cymru), former member of the S4C Authority, public body responsible for the provision of Welsh language television

Lord Ashton of Hyde (Conservative), parliamentary under-secretary in the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, will respond on behalf of the government.
 

# EBU

EBU: ".RADIO" Top Level Domain is Ready for Lauch

Link

2017 is a big year for radio. The EBU is launching a new Top Level Domain (TLD) name  - .radio – for the radio community which will progressively change the way people are reaching internet resources linked to radio.

.radio can be used for web and email addresses and will be managed by the EBU with the support of the other world broadcasting unions.

For four years the EBU and its partners have been preparing the launch of .radio. The project was endorsed by all the leading radio organizations in the world (including ABU, AER, AIB, AMARC, ASBU, AUB, CBU, EGTA, IAB, NABA, OTI, and URTI).

Exceptionally for the internet world, this project is a Community TLD, run for the benefit of the whole radio industry and amateur enthusiast and reserved for people and companies with active interest in the radio sector. 

"We are proposing that the radio community may like to consider securing the integrity of their web presence by requesting appropriate .radio domains for defensive reasons initially,” says the EBU’s .radio TLD Manager Alain Artero.

“The TLD will be focused on content and matters specific to radio and we want to prevent speculators and cybersquatting in this TLD; this extension will therefore rapidly become a high-value internet space for websites, mail systems and other internet applications.”

The following categories will be accepted for the use of a .radio domain:

  • Radio broadcasting stations
  • Unions of Broadcasters
  • Internet radios
  • Radio Amateurs
  • Radio professionals (journalists, radio hosts, DJs, …)
  • Radio-related companies selling radio goods and services

The forecast timeline (which is subject to change) is as follows:

DETAILS OF THE PRE-LAUNCH AND LAUNCH

Managers of radio stations should request a .radio domain(s) during the pre-launch. The EBU believes radio stations should be the focus of this new space on the internet, and consider them as our highest priority. We are therefore working with ICANN* to provide radio station operators with a pre-launch specific phase, starting 3 May 2017 and strictly ending on 5 July, because this will grant priority over all other categories (even trademarks) for a period of 60 days.

If, for instance, a radio station and a web radio request the same domain, the radio station will be allowed to purchase it (providing it resembles the station name).

During this pre-launch phase, the process is not ‘first come, first served’. The .radio team will seek to optimize domain name allocation to solve contentious issues and prioritize existing radio services. The pre-launch is exclusively reserved for radio stations.

All other categories of applications from the sector will be managed during the launch period within a similar period of 60 days.

HOW TO REQUEST DOMAIN NAMES

To request a .radio domain, interested parties should contact a registrar (company selling internet domains) providing it has signed an agreement to sell .radio domains or the EBU directly which will act as a reseller. At any time, an owner of a domain can transfer it from a registrar to another.

PRICE

The price for registering a .radio domain name will be different for companies and individuals. It will depend on the registrar offering the product, since registrars themselves define their price and their marketing policy. It also depends whether some additional services are included in the yearly fee (like hosting, mailing).

For companies, we expect typical prices between 200€ and 250€ per domain each year. For individuals, the price will be much lower

*ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the private (non-government) non-profit corporation with responsibility for IP address space allocation and domain name system management. ICANN’s role is to oversee the huge and complex interconnected network of unique identifiers that allow computers on the Internet to find one another.

RELEVANT LINKS EBU awarded right to manage .radio Top Level Domain name
 

# ITU

ITU Blog: 2017’s Top 5 AI trends are about far more than technology

We are now at a unique moment in world history – an inflection point in which we are starting to see an unprecedented acceleration of economic, cultural, and societal change.

This change is driven by what I call ‘A Triple C’:

  • Automation;
  • time Compression in new innovations;
  • Convergence in biological and digital existences;
  • ubiquitous Connectivity.

The underlying catalyst of ‘A triple C’ is a digital Artificial Intelligence (AI) mesh created by the growing deployment of machine learning – the ‘AI of Everything.’

The rapid growth of AI, and its soon-to-be-ubiquitous presence in our daily lives is about far more than technology. AI has the potential to yield exponential overlapping amplification of value to government, industry, and education. But wariness of unintended consequences for society, economic development, and our paths to prosperity will increase in 2017.

What are the top 5 AI trends to watch closely?

Read full blog post…

VISIT WEBSITE
 

# SNOWDEN

Stand up for Snowden - Discussion in the European Parliament in Brussels

23 January 2017, 13:30 – 14:30, European Parliament Brussels, ASP 5E1
 
Jan Philipp Albrecht, vice-chair of the EP civil liberties committee and rapporteur for the EU’s general data protection regulation, invites to a discussion with the lawyers of Edward Snowden, Wolfgang Kaleck and Ben Wizner. How are Snowden’s chances for returning to the United States or getting protection in the EU?
 
Since the former CIA analyst and NSA contractor Edward Snowden informed the public about the massive surveillance by American and European intelligence services in June 2013, quite a few things have happened. On 29th October 2015, the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the electronic mass surveillance of EU citizens as a follow-up to its inquiry in 2013. In this resolution, the EP called on EU Member States “to drop any criminal charges against Edward Snowden, grant him protection and consequently prevent extradition or rendition by third parties, in recognition of his status as whistle-blower and international human rights defender”. In Germany, after two years of legal struggles, the federal administrative court decided in November 2016 that hearing Edward Snowden before the parliament’s inquiry committee cannot longer be blocked. The sad truth however is that in the EU, neither surveillance measures by member states nor intelligence cooperation with the Unites Stated have been significantly reduced.
 
Wolfgang Kaleck Berlin-based lawyer Wolfgang Kaleck represents whistle-blower Edward Snowden in Germany. Kaleck is a lawyer specialised in European and international criminal law and human rights. In 2007 he co-founded the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights, a non-profit human rights NGO based in Berlin, and has served as its secretary-general since then.
 
Ben Wizner Civil liberties defender Ben Wizner has been Edward Snowden’s lawyer in the Unites States since 2013. Wizner is director of the „Speech, Privacy, and Technology” project at the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
 
Since space is limited, we kindly ask for prior registration.
 
If you do not have independent access to the European Parliament, please send the following information to jan.albrecht@europarl.europa.eu: name, date of birth, nationality, number and type of identity document. Deadline for registering is Monday, 16 January 2017, 16:00.
 

# EU COUNCIL BRIEFS

  • CM 1011 2017 REV 1 Joint Meeting of the Horizontal Working Party on Cyber Issues (capital level) and the JHA Counsellors (COPEN)

On Demand Monitoring Services


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