In 1988, Abe Fraindlich was commissioned by the Titanic Survivors Society to photograph these living survivors. 

Back (left to right) Frank Aks, Bertram Dean
Middle (left to right) Ellen Scheffer, Eleanor Schuman,  Marjorie Robb, Ruth Blanchard, 
front (left to right) Louise Pope, Eva Hart, Millvina Dean, Beatrice Sandstrom, Michel Navratil

Hello from the Titanic Book Club!

I thought this month I would start by introducing the club's team members, starting with myself.  My name is Jill Carlier. A group of us started the Titanic Book Club in August of 2018 (almost three years ago) . My, have we grown in the past three years!  Since then, we have started a newsletter, website, and several sub-groups! We have something for everyone: a group that studies passengers, one for artists and collectors, one for authors, and even one for children. The Children's group is probably the most exciting!  They are really inspiring and have so many wonderful ideas! 

We decided to have themes of the month this year, as you may have noticed. This months theme is Titanic passengers. Below are some suggestions of books to read, as well as an interview  with Leighton Coleman, author of Polar! We would love if you shared your favorite books and reviews with us!

Below is an interview I did with Johnny Sampson from the Catalina Island Museum (who has a Titanic exhibit going on right now). I did not have the questions in advance, so bear with me and my ADD! Thanks you for wanting to learn about our club, Johnny, and I look forward to meeting you later this month and seeing the exhibit!

 I want to thank my team members for their help and dedication with the club, the newsletter and our website.  Thanks so much to George Behe, Richard Holmes, Alicia Brinkofski, Yvette Medina, Karolyn Gaston,  Sonia Bera, Benedict Rome, Mark Hopkins, Terri Bey, Cameron Houseman,  and Dr. Paul Lee.  Their talents are all very unique and I think between all of us, we make a great team! Thanks for your service, everyone! You can read  about the team on our website! I also want to thank Mary Kellogg and her team at the Titanic Museum attraction. They have been so supportive of us, it makes us want to work harder to make this club better and better. We're so very grateful.

Thank you for taking the time to read our efforts. We will see you next month.

Most Sincerely,

Jill Carlier 
Founder & Editor in Chief
Meet Johnny Sampson from the Catalina Island Museum, and learn more about our club.  If you're ever on Catalina Island, there's a great Titanic exhibit there!
Here's a few suggestions for you!
"The second Titanic book I got; an invaluable compendium featuring the books of Beesley and Gracie, as well as Lightoller's autobiography chapters concerning the Titanic, and Harold Bride's New York Times interview."
Dr. Paul Lee- admin
" Violet Jessop was not only on Titanic and Olympic, but survived the sinking of the Britannic."
Richard Holmes-admin
"The personal
account of a first class passenger."
Mark Hopkins- admin
"A fascinating look at the Titanic's maiden voyage through the eyes of her richest and most famous passengers, culminating in a series of "what happened to them?" histories of some of the survivors post-disaster."
Kurt Nowak-member
"If you love hearing from the passengers themselves, this is the book for you. Jam packed full with personal letters!!" 
Jill Carlier-admin
H A P P Y   B I R T H D A Y 
July born members & passengers!

William J. Jacobs

Patrick Fox
August Abraham Johannes Abrahamsson
Sīlānah Iskandar Nāsīf Abī Dāghir Yazbak
 Irene Harris
     Halīm Mubārik


Lee Mahon

 Albert William Stanley Nichols
 Lutie Davis Parris


    Eli Moskowitz & Tom McCluskie

Narciso Bazzi
Catharina Van Impe
Charles Edward Dahl
Mabel Skoog
Cosmo Edmund Duff Gordon

Maria Costello

Joseph Charles Nicholls
 Laura May Cribb


 Karolyn Gaston

 David John 'Dai' Bowen 


Sandra Cada

Ernest Hamilton
 William Dickson Mackie
Alfred Henry Self
 John Morgan jr Davies
Maude Louise Slocombe


We hope you have a wonderful birthday!

If you'd like to be included. please send us an email at:
by Anthony Cunningham
Anthony's page on our website

There are very few aspects of the Titanic story that have not been compiled and recompiled ad nauseam. Anthony Cunningham’s Titanic Children: Eyewitnesses to History is a refreshing exception. This volume, as may be deduced from the title, tells the story of the Titanic through the youthful eyes of many of the children who bore witness to it in their own words. Due to the fact that the term teenager was not in use until decades after 1912, the author uses accounts from individuals ranging in age from newborns to seventeen years.

This book does not focus solely on the steamship’s sinking, either. Recollections from individuals who, as children, witnessed the Titanic’s construction, launching, or traveled aboard her across the English Channel are also included, as are the memories of some of the hundreds of Southampton children who lost their father in the 1912 tragedy. This approach makes the book the complete source for first-hand stories from children regarding nearly every aspect of the legendary ship’s story.

Whenever possible, the author has included a photograph of the child to go along with their account(s). The images chosen are particularly sharp and clear, and a number of them were new to this reviewer. It is always a pleasure and a benefit to have a face to go along with a name, and the author clearly worked diligently to achieve this visual connection for his readers.

The book ends with a series of helpful appendices, including a list of the ladies onboard who were pregnant and when they gave birth, and a list of the probable lifeboat allocations of the children (never an exact science). There is also a lengthy Q and A section discussing the day-to-day lives of children on the Titanic and other aspects of their experiences.

The undertaking of this book was clearly laborious and, just as clearly, it was a labor of love. With obvious passion for the topic, Anthony Cunningham has released a beautiful and thorough tribute to the Titanic story’s youngest participants. This reviewer is pleased to give this book a hearty recommendation.

-Brandon Whited

There are just so many Titanic related books on the market that it's becoming "Waterlogged"! This new one by a well respected author, makes a refreshing change by covering the lives of the children aboard the ship, and how the disaster affected their lives both at the time and in the future. Skillfully written, and well researched, it's the ideal addition to anyone's Titanic collection - or, indeed, as a "Must read" on its own.

-Geoffrey Whitfield

August through October

Down Amongst the Black Gang: The World and Workplace of RMS Titanic's Stokers
by Richard P. de Kerbrech

Discovery of the Titanic by Robert Ballard

"Titanic: Solving the Mysteries." by Steve Hall, Mark Chirnside, Ioannis Georgiou, Sam Halpern, Tad Fitch, J. Kent Lawson and Bill Wormstedt
Down in the fiery belly of the luxury liner RMS Titanic, a world away from the first-class dining rooms and sedate tours of the deck, toiled the ‘black gang’. Their work was gruelling and hot, and here de Kerbrech introduces the reader to the dimly lit world and workplace of Titanic’s stokers.

Beginning with a journey around some of the major elements of machinery that one might encounter in the giant ship’s engine and boiler rooms, those with a technical mind would be sated, while the accessible style would aid the lay reader in this more specialist title. The human side of working for the most famous liner is also involved in an exploration of stokers’ duties, environment and conditions: what it was like to be one of the ‘black gang’.

A firsthand account of the author's twelve-year quest to find the sunken luxury liner is illustrated with dozens of photographs and includes moment-by-moment accounts of the tragedy and the successful discovery expedition.

Also included are paintings by famed Titanic artist Ken Marschall that depict the wreck site in meticulous detail, as well a photo mosaic of the bow section and illustrations showing how the ship broke apart and which sections of the ship crumbled away. Anyone interested in the wreck site would find this insightful. 
An ongoing string of allegations has characterized the "blazing" coal bunker fire as the real culprit.  One recent  programme and its subsequent book, both promoted by conspiracy theorists,  try to persuade their audience that this fire factors in as having been  one of the key causes of the Titanic's destruction and the deaths of 1,496 souls.

Now, follow a world-renown team of top historians and researchers as they attempt to squash these conspiratorial theories and solve the mysteries behind Titanic's controversial demise. 


Leighton Coleman

Written for her son by an American heiress whose family survived the 1912 sinking of the "Titanic", this account of the Edwardian life and of the disaster is told through the eyes of the young boy's teddy bear. Illustrated with watercolors and family photographs, this book makes an ideal read-aloud.
Photos Courtesy of Leighton Coleman

Editors note: 

Since July is focused on Titanic passengers, our team member Terri Bey offered to interview Leighton Coleman, editor of the book, Polar, The Titanic Bear, originally penned by Daisy Corning Stone Spedden. Daisy penned the manuscript for Polar for her son, Douglas, after the family survived the Titanic disaster in 1912.  

Mr. Coleman, I want to thank you for taking the time to participate in this interview. It is an  honor and a privilege to interview you for our July Newsletter!

  -Terri Bey


1. Leighton, can you please introduce yourself to our readers, including your familial connection to the  RMS Titanic?  

I’m Leighton H Coleman III, my grandmother who was born in 1904, & she was Douglas  Spedden’s cousin and since they were the almost same age, they spent a lot of time together  as children. Douglas Spedden was born in 1905 and he shares his birthday with his mother,  November 19th! 

2. Prior to your discovery of being related to Daisy Spedden, who was a cousin on the Corning  side of your family tree, did you have any interest in the RMS Titanic? 

No, not really, I was more interested in the genealogical side of the story, The connection is not  as complicated as it sounds, but here it goes, my grandmother’s grandmother was Anna Maria  Corning [ Mrs. George Smith Fraser ] and Anna Maria Corning Fraser was the sister to  Margaretta Carll Corning [ Mrs. George Frederick Stone ], who was Daisy Corning Stone  Spedden’s mother. So that is how my grandmother Jane Fraser Coleman was cousin to  Robert Douglas Spedden.  

The aforementioned above sisters had a brother, Ephraim Corning who was married to Nancy  Rhinelander Robert, a cousin of Titanic victim, James Clinch Smith. That is the connection that  Daisy Spedden enjoyed with James Clinch Smith on board the Titanic. Interesting fact,  Ephraim Corning was a First Class passenger on the Olympic’s maiden voyage the year  previously. So the Cornings were Ocean Liner mavericks…. 

3. When you went through the various diaries and other items in the Spedden Truck, did you  become more interested in learning about the disaster?  

The thing about the Spedden family that initially absorbed me was that fact that they were a  very close family and were extremely devoted to their son Douglas, who by-by-way was  NEVER called /nor referred to by his first name, Robert. So frustrating that others do… Titanic  historians pls take notice!! 

Like me, Daisy Spedden lost her mother as a child, but UNLIKE me, her father remarried a  really lovely lady named Georgianna Colgate ( yes of that Colgate soap family! ) Georgianna  Colgate Stone was a remarkably generous stepmother who poured her heart in to the welfare  of her adoptive family.  

Unfortunately for me, my father didn’t make such wise choices…… any way, Daisy Spedden  became very interested in photography, most likely induced by the brilliant marketing strategy  of George Eastman, founder of Kodak and in particular via the debut of his “Brownie” cameras  that made it very easy for women consumers, to be involved in this pursuit with out the fuss of  chemicals and developing the film, since as all you had to do, in those days, was to send the  camera back to Kodak and they will print your images and reload the film for you. 

Daisy Spedden, created over 35 photograph albums, documenting her “soon-to-be-lost”  Gilded Age world and her privileged Edwardian life style. But what she mostly focused on was  on her relationships with her extended family and friends. And what still marvels me the most,  to this very day, is that these albums show was how devoted she and her stepmother were to  each other.  

Georgianna Colgate Stone paid for her step daughter’s lavish wedding & European  honeymoon; so naturally Georgianna went with them and she seen, beaming with happiness, in  practically every third photo of their honeymoon trip. Also, Helen Alice Wilson, Daisy’s “lady’s  maid" who would also famously survive the Titanic, is also featured in these albums too! 

Then by 1905, the Spedden family albums focuses on their child, Douglas Spedden, along  with his nurse Elizabeth Burns, AKA “Muddie Boons”, and on the burgeoning family’s  numerous trips. In short, these albums document a cosseted world of beautiful fashions,  country homes, custom hand built motor cars, yacht cruises, ocean liner travel & foreign  destinations, so even if they had never boarded the Titanic, I would have found the Speddens  and their world enthralling. 

I would like to add that Daisy Spedden had a sister Emma Dorrance Stone Kemys, who out of  jealous frustration of her older sister’s Titanic adventure, & according to family lore, felt that she  too needed to bit of “daring excitement”. So to that end, she hired an open cock-pit aeroplane  around 1914, to fly her and her doctor, (as she feared air-sickness), from the Morristown NJ  golf club to Massachusetts and thus become the first passenger to fly commercial between  those states. Is a funny example of sibling rivalry gone awry. Emma Kemys died childless at 89,  a few years before I was born, and left her entire estate to the Seeing Eye Dog Foundation,  and so every time I see a service dog, I think of her generous spirit.  

4. From reading Daisy Spedden's account, she doesn't blame anyone for the Titanic accident. Do you blame anyone in particular?   

From what I can recall is that Daisy Spedden never seemed to blame any one associated with  the Titanic or The White Star Line, but Daisy Spedden strongly believed that she saw the mast  lights of the Californian, the Californian SAW their flares, and should have come and rendered  aid. She wrote about it and in particular noted this thought on the back of the photo of the  iceberg from a set of photos given to her by the Ogdens, her Tuxedo Park neighbours that she  coincidentally encountered on the rescue ship, Carpathia.  

5. Three years after the Titanic Tragedy, in 1915, the Speddens' only child Douglas died after  being hit by a delivery truck while they were in Maine. The Speddens dealt with both tragedies  by traveling and spending time with friends. Why was traveling the way the Speddens dealt  with that terrible grief? Do either or both tragedies have an impact on your family today? 

From what I have heard from family councillors & grief therapists, is that a death of child is a  tremendous unbearable loss for a couple as it involves a lot of recrimination, second guessing  and reliving various scenarios of the tragedy, analysing each sequence of the event in search of  meaning. Most couples would simply implode under this type of self induced stress, but the  Speddens didn’t and that in it self was remarkable.... 

The custom of the time dictated that in “polite Society” one did not talk about these things, so  the Speddens really did NOT get much opportunity to express their feelings with their loved  ones. Daisy sadly remarked in her diary that the only people who inquired about the Titanic or  her son, were shop keepers or trades people, and from what I was told, she relished those  impromptu moments to reminisce… She kept the key’s of her trunks lost on the Titanic in her purse to show the curious… I now have them along with the diary and other artefacts that she  saved from that fateful journey. 

My father told me that his mother forbade him, when he was a kid, to ask Aunt Daisy any thing  to do with the Titanic during their visits for tea and when he was in his 20s, he finally learned  that Aunt Daisy actually one had a son…. now, that’s an example of WASP sang froid! 

I think that Daisy Spedden being a devoted Christian gave her the faith that provided her a  tremendous amount of comfort and solace. The Speddens could have grown apart, but they  found consolation in each other and the excessive traveling made their pain easier as they did  not have to run into familiar faces and reexamine the past. 

This was made clear to me by the reminiscence of a close childhood friend of Douglas  Spedden, Earle Stevens who was the same age as Douglas. There are several photos of these  childhood playmates, enjoying their brief time together, in the Spedden albums. When I met  Mr. Stevens in 1995, in Tuxedo Park, he was a youthful 90 year old gent, and he recalled how  uncomfortable he felt every time he ran into the Speddens, for he sensed they would stare at  him in order to imagine what their son would look like at 15, 21, 35 and so on… He then told  me he felt as if he was living two lives one for him self and one for his lost childhood friend, and  he certainly did… living to 105!

Daisy & Frederic kept Douglas Spedden’s room in their home in Tuxedo Park just as he left it in  August of 1915 before they went up to Winter Harbor. The Spedden’s time in Tuxedo Park  after the Titanic disaster & little Douglas’ untimely death wasn’t always easy… Albert Foster  Winslow, the late Tuxedo Park Historian, once gleefully wrote me, in a 1994 letter, that it was he  who thew iced snow balls at the Spedden’s windows every winter, as he felt that Frederic  Spedden disgraced himself by surviving the tragedy. Isn’t that letter crazy; especially since  Albert was born several years after little Douglas died ?!?!?  

This reminds me that, I only had two letters of complaint about the book being published, one  from the aforementioned Albert Foster Winslow and another scolding one from a distant elderly  cousin of Daisy Spedden on her Stone side of the family, who peevishly felt the book was an  “invasion of her privacy” especially since Daisy never allowed any one out side the family call  her “Daisy”. Totally untrue! We used Daisy instead of Margareta because that is how she  signed her poems, letters & book! 

6. What surprised you the most about the Speddens while doing your research, and from  reading Daisy Spedden's diary? 

What charmed me about the Spedden’s was the love that Daisy had for her family and by the  way she obsessively tended her photo albums, I feel she subconsciously knew these happy  days she was documenting were numbered.  

BUT, Frederic O. Spedden is a glamorous mystery, he was incredibly handsome and very  socially active, a yacht designer and a racer of sail boats who wore white gloves whilst  yachting to avoid calluses from handling the lines. And if he were French, he would have been  the epitome of a fin-de-siècle, boulevardier....

He came from a Louisiana branch of a Maryland family that lost everything after the Civil War.  His father moved to New York to rebuild the family fortune and what lifted the family out of  social obscurity was Frederic’s beautiful sister, Blanche, whose beauty & musical talent caught  the eye of Gilded Age hostess Mrs. Louis Hamersley, who in 1888 became Duchess of Marlborough. Through the patronage of the Duchess of Marlborough, Blanche’s daughter went  on to marry Rodman Wanamaker, who was then one of the world’s wealthiest men… Also  young Frederic was befriend by WardMcAllister who roped him in to his “Patriarch's Ball”, the  precursor to his “Astor 400” list .

In addition to being a well known ball room dancer and figure skater, Frederic helped to design  the Winter Harbor 21s racing sloop with Burgess and their creation is oldest one-design  sailboat fleet in the U.S. Seven of the nine-boat fleet has been sailing since 1907 for the Winter  Harbor Yacht Club! Frederic was a racing judge for the New York Yacht Club and an author on  a book of racing rules. I long suspect that he being a well known yachtsman allowed him entry  to Lifeboat #3. Also Frederic’s brother in-law was Frederic Tams, the yacht designer of J.P.  Morgan’s legendary Corsair.  

So the Speddens defiantly were not dullards…even with the Titanic episode aside.

7. When did you get the idea to create a book from Daisy Spedden's diary?  


I have friends who knew of my ever increasing obsession with the Speddens, and they  suggested that I either go in to therapy or take all the material and make it into a book. It  helped that Daisy already wrote one, for her son, which was originally entitled “My Story”, so all  I had to do as an archivist, was to marry up the text with photos that she took as well as  ephemera that she collected. And that was the beginning of the literary snowball that became  a best selling phenomenon.  

8.  After the book, "Polar the Titanic Bear" was published, what was the general reception? 

I don’t think any one was expecting the book to become the hit it became, the initial run was  expected to be 15,000 copies but went on to sell more than a million copies in five languages.  So I began to receive media requests from all over the world, which stunned me. It was like  that Daisy Spedden knew her son’s short life would touch so many others. One of the best  experiences was when a delegation from Japanese TV came to the house to interview me and  the see the Spedden artefacts. That episode aired August 30th 1998 in Japan on Asahi T.V.  

Also let’s not forget the IMPORTANT fact that the super talented illustrator, Laurie McGaw, won  the 1995 Governor General’s Award for her amazing renditions in Polar The Titanic Bear which  put the book on the world stage.  

9. How did you start getting invited to give lectures at schools, museums, etc.? 

In addition to media requests, I was getting requests from school teachers, to do readings and  presentations on the Titanic. Eventually I developed a school presentation with accredited  educators and was enrolled in to BOCES Arts-In-Education program that brought authors in to  schools as speakers, but in this case I was a relative of the author…  

I think I did around two hundred such programs. By the early 2010s my 1972 Kodak slide  projector was deemed a distraction to the children as they never seen such antiquated  technology before. I was forced to move my program in to “Smart Board” technology by the  school system, but the draw back was that every school district used different software/tech  resulting in several hours of set up time, causing me to make two trips to the school, one day  just for set ups and the next day to the lecture… So lecturing was no longer fun for me, as it  lost its spontaneity, so regretfully I retried the program…… 

Here are a few questions from Titanic Book Club Members:

10. Question from Book Club Owner Jill Carlier:  I love the story that you put on yours website about saving material from the dump!!   I was wondering if you tried to keep  Daisy's journal as close to her writing as possible, or did he have to do much editing? 

Yes, one summer in the early 1980s I was helping my grandfather clear out part of his barn,  were the abandoned house hold items that my grandmother was storing but had become  damaged by the heat and or by the racoons. There were several steamer trunks filled with old  clothes & linens that no one wanted which were destined for the town dump, and some how  the Spedden trunks were put on the truck too!! Luckily I was there to save them, but what I  should have done was to rescue the other Louis Vuitton trunks as well, but who knew how  collectable those old trunks would be… 

I asked my grandfather for the Spedden trunk as a birthday present, as I always felt that the  Spedden’s steamer trunk full of photo albums, diaries and related ephemera was like a time  capsule to a forgotten glamorous age and I wanted to share it as book with the public, luckily  for us all.

 Daisy Spedden had penned a manuscript, and with a bit of editing, it became the  book we know today as Polar The Titanic Bear. The parts we cut out were the sections where  Daisy mentions esoteric relatives and  “off screen”  family events that were superfluous to the  narrative. 


11.  Question from Book Club Member Mary Tyrone:  What do you think the Spedden's would  think if they could know how popular the Titanic tragedy story is, and the fact that many people  still remember them and what they did over 100 years later? 


I’m absolutely positive that I did what Daisy Spedden had wanted, and that was to publish her  long lost children’s manuscript and family photos. Little Douglas Spedden, even though his life  was every so brief, has gone on to touch millions of others and his poignant story has meaning,  which I think is a form of closure that evaded the Speddens during their life time. 


12.  Question from Book Club Administrator: Alicia Brinkofski:  Do we know what happened to  polar the bear? In other words, she wants to know what has happened to the original polar  bear through the years, and where the bear is today.  


Some say that Polar was buried with Douglas and others like to believe he is still traveling the  world……… 


13. Last question: Is there anything else that you would like our readers to know, and how can  readers contact you? Can you include your website and a way to buy your book? 

Polar fans can visit us at or email me at 




Note: On April 20, 1912 the New York Evening World published an article describing how Mary Fortune and her daughters Ethel, Alice and Mabel survived the Titanic disaster while Mary’s husband Mark Fortune and their son Charles did not. The newspaper story touches on two controversial subjects — namely, that of a man who dressed in woman’s clothing, and the question of whether or not an officer may have fired shots in anger that night. In any case, it would seem that the Fortune family witnessed the disorder that took place around lifeboat #14 before boat #10 was finally lowered away. – G.B.
     How one man escaped from the Titanic dressed in women's clothes even to hat and veil, when the ship’s officers were not permitting men, with the exception of those who manned the lifeboats, to leave the sinking ship, was told by Mrs. Mark Fortune yesterday through her son-in-law H. C. Hutton, of Winnipeg. Manitoba. Mrs. Fortune. with her daughters, Misses Lucile, Mabel and Alice, are at the Hotel Belmont. The husband and father and the son and brother of the family perished.

     Mrs. Fortune was aroused by her son Charles knocking at the door of the cabin. He told her the ship had struck an iceberg and was in danger. About the same time a steward rushed through the passage and yelled: “There is no danger. This ship cannot sink!”

     The women were not inclined to take things aa calmly as the steward wanted them to and hurriedly dressed. On their way to the deck they were joined by Mr. Fortune and Charles.

At the stairway they were met by officers, who informed the father and son that they would not be permitted to go any further. The women were instructed to get into a lifeboat, but still they did not realize the ship was in danger. One of the Fortune girls called back to her brother:

“Charlie, you look after father!”

     That was the only message that passed between them. The mother and daughters were placed in lifeboat 10. It was terribly overcrowded, Mrs. Fortune told her brother-in-law, and with the exception of a Chinaman, a stoker and four men who were to man the boat all in it were supposed to be women.
It became necessary to transfer these four men to another boat, which was without a crew. This left only the Chinaman to row.

     About this time the discovery was made that a veiled person in women’s clothes was a man. He made no explanation as to why he was so dressed and none was asked of him, but that he had donned the clothes to escape with women when men were being held back to die there was no question. Nor did anyone ask his name or learn it later.

     The only request made of him was that he take an oar. This he did reluctantly. The Chinaman and stoker knew almost nothing about rowing and the man in women’s clothes knew less.

     One of the Fortune girls and another girl got out an oar each and helped to pull away from the wreck. The family agreed that they were in the boat one hour after the liner struck. At 2.15 the next morning, as far as they can remember, they saw the stern of the Titanic hoist itself in the air. A crowd could be seen struggling. Shrieks and yells came across the water to the crew of the tenth boat.

     The bandsmen continued playing to the last, some with life preservers on their arms as they worked their instruments and others with the belts around their waists. Not one made an attempt to save himself.

Mrs. Fortune was of the opinion that no discrimination was made between passengers of the first, second or third classes in making the allotments for seats in the boats. The rule applied only to the women, however.

When the ship struck, several men in the steerage tried to rush the officers in charge of the lifeboats. At first the officers were able to keep them off by slugging them as they surged around them, but the passengers grew more terrified. Then the officers made use of their revolvers, first to fire in the air and then to aim at the men.

     Mrs. Fortune and her daughters were spared the sight of a wholesale slaughter of the steerage passengers, but she saw at least one man go down. He was shot in the arm, and his fate intimidated the others. The men rushed off to another quarter of the ship to resume their attempts upon the boats.

ShellyAnn is the daughter of book club member Samuel Fontaine from Quebec, Canada.
Shellyann is 7 years old, autistic and has a huge love for the Olympic class ships. She has quite the eye to tell which is which! Like any other kid in school, she has gone through intimidation and judgement because of her autism. According to dad,  "she [has] managed to find in the story of the Titanic 'a force'".  Just like Titanic, being robust and had sunk to the bottom of the ocean, she had learned you may go through hard trials and "still be there".
- Samuel Fontaine, Shellyann's father
Photos Of Lincoln's Titanic Booklet,  courtesy of Heather Condrey Gentolizo
Photos Of Lincoln's creations,  courtesy of Heather Condrey Gentolizo
"Lincoln is a very creative and highly passionate six-year-old, with an inquisitive mind that never seems to rest. When he becomes interested in a topic, he wants to explore that topic as much as possible, and his love for and interest in the Titanic is no different. He was first introduced to the story of the Titanic when we were researching sunken ships, which was an interested peaked by a documentary of mechanical failures. It had included a ship that had been blown over by a gentle wind and sank as water filled its portholes. Lincoln wanted to see pictures of other sunken ships and we came across some of the underwater images of the Titanic wreckage. He was absolutely captivated and the Titanic has since become a part of our daily lives. He has spent hours looking through every book we have, watching videos and documentaries about the ship and its fate, and shedding tears over the lives lost on that tragic day. He constantly creates and spends much of his day drawing and painting pictures of the Titanic. He has built the ship out of LEGOS and Mega Bloks, and has recreated the first-class rooms and Grand Staircase out of pillows, blankets, chairs, on our couch. It has also recently become a goal of his to recreate the sinking of the Titanic by creating models out of cereal boxes and other materials and then testing them out in a bin full of water. He varies his design each time by adding or reducing the number of compartments to see how it impacts the experiment. So far, he has yet to achieve the results his is striving for, but he is undeterred and we will be testing another model today. He is absolutely fascinated by the ship (and desperately wants there to be another that he can sail on – he has shed tears over that, as well) and the stories of the people who were aboard. He thinks the Titanic was the most beautiful ship that was ever built and dreams of meeting the man who discovered it. He is actually in the process of composing a letter to Dr. Ballard and is planning on mailing it to him next week. I have a feeling this will be a love and interest he carries with him throughout his life, because it seems as though once the Titanic becomes a part of your life, it remains."

- Heather Condrey Gentolizo (Lincoln's mom)
Week #20 
Hope you all like this video from the YouTube channel, Part-Time Explorer!
H E L L O  T H E R E,

This month, I am going to discuss two of the Boiler Rooms and the Reciprocating Engines of the Titanic that were directly involved in the break-up, and as they now appear in the wreck site at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean. I am not that familiar with Titanic's machinery or exactly how it operates, but I'll try my best.

When the first break occurred, it sliced straight through the middle of the No. 3 uptake casing and Boiler Room #1, which was located directly below and slightly aft of the third-funnel uptake on the Tank-Top deck. As Boiler Room #1' shattered open, its five boilers fell out, and now most likely represent the hypocenter of the initial break (image 1). Other miscellaneous items, such as the telegraph seen in Image 2,  also tumbled out and rained to the bottom .

The two forward steam engines (or Reciprocating Engines) were situated just aft of Boiler Room #1 and became exposed in the break.  As the stern rose out of the water due to the stresses placed upon it, these two engines snapped loose and toppled out a well. They are now laying in the debris field where they landed on that fateful night  in 1912. One of these engines is twisted like a pretzel (image 3) and is  (I think) the Starboard Low Pressure engine as seen  in 2010.

Boiler Room # 2, in the bow section of the ship, remaines intact, but it s five boilers, torn steam pipes and other forms of damaged wreckage can be seen at the initial breaking point (image 4) . Needless to say, the bow section fared much better than the stern.

Thanks for reading my bit. 
Good Luck, and stay safe!

-Cam Houseman
 A Boiler Mosaic by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Bill Sauder.
A telegraph in the debris field. WHOI, 1985
The Starboard Low Pressure Steam engine, twisted like a pretzel. RMST Inc, History Channel, 2010.
Boiler Room 2,  the boilers exposed.  James Cameron, Disney, Lone Wolff Productions, 2003.
Titanic & the Iceberg,  drawing by Benedict Rome-12
Titanic by Vienna Rome-6
Titanic by Lincoln Condrey Gentolizo
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The Titanic Book Club is now accepting submissions for the newsletter and/or its website. This can be a book review, an article, a personal opinion, or whatever you wish to submit on any Titanic-related subject. Please conduct your research and make sure your information is up-to-date and well-reasoned. Include references as well. Remember: experts, such (bit not limited to!) as Ken Marschall, Robert Ballard, Don Lynch, Parks Stephenson, Mark Chirnside , Bill Wormstedt, Steve Hall , George Behe, and Anthony Cunningham read our pages from time to timel, so we want to appear shining and agreeable. Some of these illustrious individuals, as you know, are already Titanic Book Club members.

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In August, we will be reading about the
BLACK GANG (Titanic's Stokers)

One of the first works to look inside the powerhouse of Titanic-era ships—the manpower that generated the horsepower, including a list of the ship's "black gang" and their fates.

Down in the fiery belly of the luxury liners of the Titanic era, a world away from the first-class dining rooms and sedate tours of the deck, toiled the "black gang." Their work was grueling and hot, and this book introduces the reader to the dimly lit world and workplace of Titanic's stokers.

It begins with a journey around some of the major elements of machinery that one might encounter in the giant ships' engine and boiler rooms, sure to sate those with technical minds, yet in an accessible style that will aid the lay reader's understanding. The human side of working for the Titanic and her contemporaries is also involved in an exploration of stokers' duties, environment, and conditions: what it was like to be one of the "black gang."

Editor in Chief- Jill Carlier
Editor- Mark Hopkins
Graphic Designer- Yvette Medina
 Contributors: Dr. Paul Lee, Sonia Bera, Cameron Houseman, Terri Bey & George Behe, and many of our Titanic Book Club and  Titanic Book Club for Children members.

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