Issue No. 12 - February/March 2016
 PSIA of the Month
Accessibility of the Urban Poor in Metropolitan Areas: Case Study of Beijing
Since the economic reforms of 1979, China has rapidly urbanized changing the urban landscape of cities like Beijing. Despite the great progress China has made reducing the number of people living in poverty, the country has experienced growth in income inequality. In Beijing, the income gap between the rich and the poor has been accompanied by an increase in  urban poverty. This project selects affordable housing residents in Beijing and explores their accessibility to job opportunities. The PSIA shows that, in Beijing’s case, affordable housing projects that are located near the city center have better job accessibility, while those located in the far suburban area are weak in job accessibility. Download the full report.
 TTL of the Month: Ke Fang
Dr. Fang is a Global Lead for Urban Mobility and a Lead Transport Specialist at the World Bank. He has about 18 years’ experience in the field of infrastructure planning, financing and development. In his current position, Dr. Fang is responsible for providing technical, operational and knowledge support to World Bank teams working on urban transport programs/projects. Since he joined the bank in 2001, he has worked on infrastructure investment projects in many countries. From 2013 to 2015, he was based in New Delhi and acted as a focal person of the Transport and ICT Global Practice in South Asia region, leading and coordinating the World Bank’s policy dialogue with national and local governments in sustainable transport development. He holds a Master of Engineering in urban planning and a PhD in the same field from Tsinghua University. Read Ke's full bio and interview.
Post-Event Materials

BBL: Poverty and Corruption in the Kyrgyz Republic

The sixth in the PSIA Series highlighted findings and recommendations from a study that investigates household perceptions and experiences with corruption in the Kyrgyz Republic. See presentation here.

BBL: PSIA in Water and Sanitation
This BBL featured a panel discussion with PSIA experts who shared experiences, lessons learned and methodologies applied to PSIA work in the water and sanitation sector in six different regions. You'll find all the presentations on our C4D page.
Featured PSIA Expert: Nils Junge
A policy advisor and evaluation specialist, Nils Junge works closely with governments and development partners to develop evidence-based reform options that are socially acceptable and politically feasible.  With a career spanning over 15 years and work in more than 30 countries, he conducts quantitative and qualitative research and analysis in the electricity, water supply, district heating, agriculture, employment, mining, and trade sectors.  He has conducted over 20 PSIAs.  He is currently leading a team helping the Kyrgyz government develop a new water supply and sanitation policy.  Mr. Junge holds an MA from Johns Hopkins University's School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) with a concentration in development economics and conflict management. Read our interview with Nils.
Latest Publications

The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon

Since the beginning of the Syrian crisis, over 6.5 million of the country’s people have been internally displaced and almost 4.4 million are registered refugees. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the World Bank Group are working together to ensure that policy makers and advocates have the knowledge they need to better serve refugee communities. This assessment can inform policy design to improve the well-being of refugees and mitigate the crisis' impact on hosting communities. Download the full report and see presentation from a recent BBL.

Assessing the Social and Macroeconomic Impacts of Labour Market Integration
This study by the European Commission analyzes a dynamic approach taken by the Regional Holistic Model (RHOMOLO) in assessing the macroeconomic and social impacts of policy reforms aiming at integration of marginalized communities, such as Roma or refugees, into the EU labour markets. The approach helps understand the link between education, migration and economic growth at the regional level, and looks at the policy implications that labour market adjustments may have on existing communities and new entrants. Read the full report.
Around the Web
Feature Story: Modernizing Uzbekistan's Water Sector
Uzbekistan has made substantial investments in upgrading its water sector services. Nonetheless the country’s citizens continue to face challenges in accessing clean water. A recent World Bank study helped the Uzbekistan government and the water supply and sanitation service providers (WSS) design policies to improve the water sector, by providing information on households experiences through focus group discussions, case studies, and interviews conducted with government and WSS utility firm officials. Read the full feature story and download the report in English or Russian.
The Unequal Benefits of Fuel Subsidies Revisited
Understanding who benefits from fuel price subsidies and the welfare impact of increasing fuel prices is key to designing, and gaining public support for, subsidy reform. This paper updates evidence for developing countries on the magnitude of the welfare impact of subsidy reform and its distribution across income groups, incorporating more recent studies and expanding the number of countries. These studies confirm that a very large share of benefits from price subsidies goes to high-income households, further reinforcing existing income inequalities. The results can also help to approximate the welfare impact of subsidy reform for countries where the data necessary for such an analysis is not available.
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