Hoogland Newsletter September 2015
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Tempting Tuna Treats

1 tin shredded tuna in brine – drained well.
½ cup whole wheat flour. 
½ tsp dried catnip.         
1 large egg – beaten.
½ cup water.

Mix tuna with the egg.
Add Flour and catnip and mix.
Slowly add water till the mixture forms a doughy, slightly sticky ball.
Grease a baking tray or sheet.
Preheat oven to 180°C.

Make small dough balls.
Place about 1.5cm apart on the baking tray.

Bake for 25min.

If your cat is intolerant of or allergic to:
Tuna-Replace with chicken/salmon/crushed pellets from the cat’s normal diet.
Wheat-Replace with rice or potato flour.
Egg-Replace with tinned soft food which the cat can eat without issue.


Let's Talk about Rabies.

According to the World Health Organization, there are still 55000 confirmed human deaths due to Rabies each year. Unfortunately the greatest percentage of these deaths are in children under the age of 15 years. Taking into account that some deaths will not be reported or confirmed, we are forced to admit that this completely preventable disease is a major threat. The majority or rabies deaths occur in Asia and throughout Africa, with South Africa contributing significantly.

What is Rabies?
Rabies is a lethal disease of the brain and nerve tissues. It is caused by a virus which is harboured in the salivary glands of infected animals.

How can humans or animals become infected?
The virus is transmitted by saliva from infected animals, and can only cause infection if it is exposed to an open wound. This means that if an infected animal bites or licks damaged skin it will lead to infection.

How do I know the animal is rabid?
The clinical signs of rabies are very varied. Unfortunately animals can sometimes be behaving completely normally at the time of the bite. Common signs seen are weakness and abnormal aggression, while wild animals may become abnormally tame. The typical picture of rabies we all imagine is of a drooling, frothing rabid animal. This is realistic, because these animals lose the ability to swallow.

How do we prevent and control rabies?

  1. Vaccinate your pets! Rabies vaccination is required by law!
  2. Do not approach stray animals, and do not allow your pets to roam.
  3. Do not touch abnormally “tame” wildlife.
  4. Report stray dogs to the SPCA.
  5. Know that the areas with the highest risk in South Africa are Limpopo, Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and Kwazulu Natal. Be suspicious of ALL bites in these areas! Do NOT transport your pets into these areas without proper permission, and especially not if they have not been properly vaccinated!
  6. If you get bitten, do not wait! Get medical attention as soon as possible, because once clinical signs of Rabies develop, there is no cure and it will result in death. Make sure you always know where the nearest medical assistance can be found.

Who to contact:

  • National Institute for Communicable Disease (HUMAN EXPOSURE): 082 883 9920 (24 hour)

  • OIE Regional Rabies Reference Centre for Southern and Eastern Africa (Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute) (ANIMALS): 012 529 9440/111

  • Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Directorate Veterinary Services: 012 319 7456

Home made foraging balls:


A super cheap and easy foraging toy you can make at home for bunnies and other small fluffies, parrots and parrotlets, cats and even small dogs.

Cut toilet rolls into rings.
Place 1 ring over another in opposing directions.
For small fluffies or birds that will have fun destroying the board, stuff the ball with treats, hay (for fluffies), newspaper and other safe materials.

For a treat ball for dogs and cats do not close all the openings after placing the treats in the ball.
For some extra stimulation for a small fluffy or cat, put a small bell in with the stuffing.

Note: Dogs and cats cannot digest large quantities of cardboard - if they try to eat the board, this toy should not be used for them. 

Other Trusted Resources:



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