Hoogland Newsletter February 2020
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Feline fine?


You have just gotten a new kitten and off to the vet you go. After examination the kitten is pronounced in good health, but then the vet starts suggesting blood testing for feline leukemia and feline aids. This could not sound scarier than it does at this stage!

You have just said that my kitten is perfect - why are we testing?

We cannot tell from a clinical exam only whether a kitten is infected.You'd surely want to know what you should be prepared for.


After exposure to the virus, infections may progress in different ways:

Abortive infections
In some instances a cat can mount an effective immune response against the virus and get rid of it completely - this is very rare but can happen.

Regressive Infections
In some cases - 10% to be exact - a cat mounts an immune response that eliminates the virus from the bloodstream but not from the body. So these cats carry the viral DNA in their bone marrow. They cannot infect other cats at this stage , BUT the virus could be activated later on in the cat's life. These cats will then get sick and be able to infect others. They will therefore test negative until the virus is activated.

Progressive Infections
Cats with progressive infections ALWAYS have virus particles in their bloodstream. They can infect other cats and will often begin to show clinical signs.

Taking  these facts into account it is always a good idea to repeat a test on a positive cat after about 3 months. A sick cat ALWAYS deserves a FeLV/ FIV test.   

Flying Frustrations

I think all of us are familiar with the annoying sound of mozzies at night - especially just as you are drifting off into a deep sleep. Those of you that can sleep through this will find the itchy evidence the following morning. 

Not even our cats are spared and some develop severe mosquito bite allergies - painful, itchy, raw, bleeding, crusty noses and ears, and cracked foot pads. 

There is only one product that shows efficacy at repelling mosquito's and that is Seresto collars. All the other repellents available for dogs and humans are toxic to cats. Decreasing the mosquito population by avoiding standing water; using mosquito sprays, mats and candles; maybe placing screens on doors and windows are the only other things one can do for your cat. 

For the dogs this time of the year brings around biting flies that cause sores on ears, spread bacterial infections as well as being an annoyance to the dog. There are various products on the market that repel flies and other parasites. Each product has a different duration of efficacy to suite you and your pets need.



  • Exspot is a spot-on for dogs.
  • Registered for use on dogs and puppies from 2 weeks old.
  • Will give your dog +- 4 weeks protection and control against ticks and fleas.
  • Repels and kills flies for about 2 weeks, helping to prevent irritation and biting, and to control the fly population.
  • Eliminates fleas quickly reducing the risk of flea bite allergies.
  • Eliminates the ticks that are not repelled, making it more difficult for them to transmit disease. 
  • Contains Permethrin - TOXIC TO CATS

Shoo Fly

Stop the flies from plaguing your dogs. Try Shoo-Fly Spray or Ointment. Pleasant-smelling, long lasting and easy to apply, Shoo-Fly repels all types of flies and flying insects.

Shoo-Fly Ointment
  • Fly repellent ointment with sunscreen.
  • Ideal for use on ear tips and around the face area.
  • Convenient for application to smaller pets.
  • Perfectly safe and is non-irritant, even on sensitive skins.
  • Use to protect your dog against biting flies, which often attack the ears.
  • Contains both Esbiothrin for an instant knock-down effect and Permethrin, a long-acting repellent.
  • Can be applied to open wounds, such as bitten ear-tips: it won't sting or irritate.
  • Can be applied every 2-3 days or as often as required to keep the flies away.

Shoo-Fly Spray
  • Fly repellent spray.
  • Repels midges, biting flies and other nuisance flies.
  • Also repels fleas and ticks.
  • Regular use of Shoo-Fly Spray will stop flies from being a nuisance to animals and yourself.
  • Spray coat or, if preferred, wipe on with a sponge or a soft cloth.
  • Treat legs, shoulders and facial areas, avoiding eyes.
  • Repeat as often as required.

Seresto Cat Collar

  • Repels AND kills ticks and fleas on cats.
  • Although not registered for this use, there are reports that it repels mosquitoes effectively.
  • Odourless and non-greasy.
  • For use on cats up to 8kg and over 10 weeks of age.
  • Releases a consistent low dose of active ingredients.
  • Up to 8 months of protection.
  • Safe for humans, children, pets and the environment.
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