Seventy-Five Years Since Partition
The Republic of India marked 75 years of independence from British rule yesterday with celebrations across the country, while Pakistan celebrated its 75th anniversary of independence on Sunday. India was part of the British Empire for over 200 years until it became independent in 1947. Before granting home rule, Britain partitioned its colony into separate countries, with Hindu-majority India taking most of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and with Pakistan and East Pakistan (which became Bangladesh in 1971) being formed for areas with mostly Muslim populations. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi marked the occasion by pledging an administration that will work to meet the aspirations of the Indian people. 

This map depicts India as a colony under British rule and how Britain partitioned the colony into modern-day India, Pakistan, and what is now Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) 75 years ago. Click on the map to learn more.
Graphic Source: National Geographic
Strong Heatwave Cuts Power
With some regions under high-heat advisories for 25 straight days, Chinese authorities have been forced to implement a variety of measures to address the effects of an extended heatwave with temperatures above 104°F (40° C). In the province of Sichuan, authorities have elected to prioritize residential power over industrial, with the electricity supply to factories cut until Saturday. Hydropower dams generate 80 percent of the region’s electricity, and are also important to China’s east coast for providing electricity to its industrial hubs, but dropping river levels are reducing the capacity of hydropower plants. In regions relying on the Yangtze River, pumps and cloud-seeding rockets are being deployed as crops are threatened by a drought driven by the heat. Meteorologists believe this summer is the strongest heat wave in six decades.

This map depicts regions of high temperature in China, as of  August 16, 2022. Click on the map to learn more.
Graphic Source: Barron's
Dolphins Form Complex Society
Researchers from Florida International University have released findings showing how two communities of Atlantic spotted dolphins have partially joined together. Dolphin alliances were previously understood to be tight and exclusive, with only occasional movement of individuals between groups. In contrast, the two Bahamian groups, which had been separated by around 100 miles (160 km), have been spotted with significant numbers of their mingling members exhibiting bonding behaviors, and no intergroup aggression was observed. The scientists believe these newly-observed interactions offer hope for dolphins' adaptability in the face of environmental change. As habitable ranges move or become smaller, cooperative behavior offers an opportunity for dolphin populations encountering each other to find ways to flourish together rather than become embroiled in competition.

This map depicts the area of Bimini, in the Bahamas, where marine biologists have observed the peaceful merger of separate Atlantic spotted dolphin groups for the first time. Click on the map to learn more.
Further Reading: New York Times, Newsweek, Science
Graphic Source:
Yesterday's Answer
Q: Flowing parallel to the Missouri River, the longest river in America, what is the shortest river in the world? 

A: Roe River, Montana
Flowing for only 201 feet (61 m), the Roe River is the smallest recorded river in the United States and in the world. Thanks to fifth graders at Lincoln School Elementary in the 1980s, the Roe River was successfully campaigned to be listed in the Guinness Book of World Records. Roe is made up from a complex system of underground springs, with the river's water originating from the Little Belt Mountain Range 40 miles southeast. The precipitation from Little Belt forms an underground aquifer, where the water begins its long, 26 year journey to surface as the Roe River. Around 156 million gallons of water bubble up from 400 - 700 ft (120 - 215 m) below the surface. From the Roe, the water eventually finds its way to the Missouri River.

Today's Question
Q: Only 1% of all remaining forests on the planet are classified as cloud forests. Which country is home to the largest cloud forest in Central America? 
Stay tuned for the answer to today's question in tomorrow's DailyGeo.

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